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20 terms

Unit 7 vocab first vocab quiz

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alluvial soil
rich soil made up of sand and mud deposited by running water
Mesopotamia
Greek for "land between 2 rivers"
wadi
a streambed that is dry except during a heavy rain, in the desert
kum
term for deserts in central asia
phosphate
natural mineral containing chemical compounds often used in fertilizers
ergs
sandy, dune covered areas
regs
stony plains covered with a rocky gravel called "desert pavement"
hamada
flat sandstone plateau
oasis
small area in a desert where water and vegetation are found
pastoralism
raising of livestock
cereal
any grain such as barley, oats, or wheat, grown for food
ethnic diversity
differences among groups of people based on their origins, languages, customs, or beliefs
Ottoman Turks
built the ottoman empire, which ruled much of the eastern mediteranean world for more than 600 years
Iran
this word means "land of Aryans", about 66 million people live here/ many believe they are descendants of Aryans/
infrastructure
the basic urban necessities like streets and utilities
domesticate
to adapt plants and animalss from the wild and make them useful to people
culture hearth
center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward
cuneiform
Sumerian writing system using wedge shaped symbols pressed into clay tablets
hieroglyphs
egyptian writing system using pictures and symbols to represent words or sounds
qanat
underground canal used in water systems of ancient persians