rich soil made up of sand and mud deposited by running water
Greek for "land between 2 rivers"
a streambed that is dry except during a heavy rain, in the desert
term for deserts in central asia
natural mineral containing chemical compounds often used in fertilizers
sandy, dune covered areas
stony plains covered with a rocky gravel called "desert pavement"
flat sandstone plateau
small area in a desert where water and vegetation are found
raising of livestock
any grain such as barley, oats, or wheat, grown for food
differences among groups of people based on their origins, languages, customs, or beliefs
built the ottoman empire, which ruled much of the eastern mediteranean world for more than 600 years
this word means "land of Aryans", about 66 million people live here/ many believe they are descendants of Aryans/
the basic urban necessities like streets and utilities
to adapt plants and animalss from the wild and make them useful to people
center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward
Sumerian writing system using wedge shaped symbols pressed into clay tablets
egyptian writing system using pictures and symbols to represent words or sounds
underground canal used in water systems of ancient persians
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