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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Which of the following represents an idea Darwin took from the writings of Thomas Malthus?
  2. To observe natural selection's effects on a population, what must be true?
  3. Catastrophism, meaning the regular occurrence of geological or meteorological disturbances (catastrophes), was Cuvier's attempt to explain the existence of
  4. Which of the following statements is not an inference of natural selection?
  5. In the mid-1900s, the Soviet geneticist Lysenko exposed winter wheat plants to ever-colder temperatures, collected their seeds, and then exposed the seedlings to ever-colder temperatures. He repeated his attempts over the course of decades in an attempt to evolve cold-tolerant winter wheat. Lysenko's attempts in this regard were most in agreement with the ideas of
  1. a b. Populations tend to increase at a faster rate than their food supply.
  2. b c. Lamarck.
  3. c e. individuals must adapt to their environment.
  4. d e. A and B only
  5. e b. the fossil record.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a. 2, 4, 1, 3
  2. e. The interaction of organisms with their environment is important in the evolutionary process.
  3. b. Lamarckism.
  4. c. Female algae eaters may become larger, bearing broods composed of more, and larger, young.
  5. c. more recently they shared a common ancestor.

5 True/False questions

  1. Which of the following events, as described here, is most in agreement with the idea of catastrophism?d. the demise of the dinosaurs, and various other groups, by the impact of a large extraterrestrial body with Earth


  2. A biologist studied a population of squirrels for 15 years. During that time, the population was never fewer than 30 squirrels and never more than 45. Her data showed that over half of the squirrels born did not survive to reproduce, because of competition for food and predation. In a single generation, 90% of the squirrels that were born lived to reproduce, and the population increased to 80. What inferences might you make about this population?e. A, B, and C


  3. During a study session about evolution, one of your fellow students remarks, "The giraffe stretched its neck while reaching for higher leaves; its offspring inherited longer necks as a result." Which statement would you use to correct this student's misconception?a. Characteristics acquired during an organism's life are generally not passed on through genes.


  4. Which of the following must exist in a population before natural selection can act upon that population?a. genetic variation among individuals


  5. If the HMS Beagle had completely bypassed the Galapagos Islands, Darwin would have had a much poorer understanding ofb. the ability of populations to undergo modification as they adapt to a particular environment.