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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Which of the following events, as described here, is most in agreement with the idea of catastrophism?
  2. Natural selection is based on all of the following except
  3. Given a population that contains genetic variation, what is the correct sequence of the following events, under the influence of natural selection?
  4. Catastrophism, meaning the regular occurrence of geological or meteorological disturbances (catastrophes), was Cuvier's attempt to explain the existence of
  5. In the mid-1900s, the Soviet geneticist Lysenko exposed winter wheat plants to ever-colder temperatures, collected their seeds, and then exposed the seedlings to ever-colder temperatures. He repeated his attempts over the course of decades in an attempt to evolve cold-tolerant winter wheat. Lysenko's attempts in this regard were most in agreement with the ideas of
  1. a d. the demise of the dinosaurs, and various other groups, by the impact of a large extraterrestrial body with Earth
  2. b a. 2, 4, 1, 3
  3. c c. Lamarck.
  4. d e. individuals must adapt to their environment.
  5. e b. the fossil record.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. e. individuals must adapt to their environment.
  2. c. Female algae eaters may become larger, bearing broods composed of more, and larger, young.
  3. c. more recently they shared a common ancestor.
  4. e. A and B only
  5. d. More small-beaked birds dying than the larger-beaked birds. The offspring produced in subsequent generations have a higher percentage of birds with large beaks.

5 True/False questions

  1. Which of the following represents an idea Darwin took from the writings of Thomas Malthus?e. individuals must adapt to their environment.


  2. Which statement about natural selection is most correct?d. a mechanism for evolution that was supported by evidence.


  3. Which of the following must exist in a population before natural selection can act upon that population?a. genetic variation among individuals


  4. "Improving the intelligence of an adult through education will result in that adult's descendants being born with a greater native intelligence." This statement is an example ofd. Well-adapted individuals leave more offspring, and thus contribute more to the gene pool, than poorly adapted individuals.


  5. A biologist studied a population of squirrels for 15 years. During that time, the population was never fewer than 30 squirrels and never more than 45. Her data showed that over half of the squirrels born did not survive to reproduce, because of competition for food and predation. In a single generation, 90% of the squirrels that were born lived to reproduce, and the population increased to 80. What inferences might you make about this population?e. A, B, and C


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