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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. In the mid-1900s, the Soviet geneticist Lysenko exposed winter wheat plants to ever-colder temperatures, collected their seeds, and then exposed the seedlings to ever-colder temperatures. He repeated his attempts over the course of decades in an attempt to evolve cold-tolerant winter wheat. Lysenko's attempts in this regard were most in agreement with the ideas of
  2. Which of the following statements is not an inference of natural selection?
  3. Which of the following events, as described here, is most in agreement with the idea of catastrophism?
  4. Catastrophism, meaning the regular occurrence of geological or meteorological disturbances (catastrophes), was Cuvier's attempt to explain the existence of
  5. Both Darwin's and Lamarck's ideas regarding evolution suggest which of the following?
  1. a e. individuals must adapt to their environment.
  2. b c. Lamarck.
  3. c b. the fossil record.
  4. d d. the demise of the dinosaurs, and various other groups, by the impact of a large extraterrestrial body with Earth
  5. e e. The interaction of organisms with their environment is important in the evolutionary process.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. c. Female algae eaters may become larger, bearing broods composed of more, and larger, young.
  2. b. Populations tend to increase at a faster rate than their food supply.
  3. e. individuals must adapt to their environment.
  4. a. 2, 4, 1, 3
  5. c. more recently they shared a common ancestor.

5 True/False questions

  1. Which statement about natural selection is most correct?d. Well-adapted individuals leave more offspring, and thus contribute more to the gene pool, than poorly adapted individuals.

          

  2. "Improving the intelligence of an adult through education will result in that adult's descendants being born with a greater native intelligence." This statement is an example ofb. Lamarckism.

          

  3. If the HMS Beagle had completely bypassed the Galapagos Islands, Darwin would have had a much poorer understanding ofb. the ability of populations to undergo modification as they adapt to a particular environment.

          

  4. To observe natural selection's effects on a population, what must be true?e. individuals must adapt to their environment.

          

  5. During drought years on the Galapagos, small, easily eaten seeds become rare leaving only large, hard-cased seeds that only birds with large beaks can eat. If a drought persists for several years, then what should one expect to result from natural selection?d. Well-adapted individuals leave more offspring, and thus contribute more to the gene pool, than poorly adapted individuals.