Court Terms (법정용어, 영영)
Terms in this set (35)
Can/cannot be admitted or received as evidence
something that someone says happened
A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
a formal accusation that someone has committed a crime
a person who works in a law court and whose job is to look after the records.
A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
Legal advice; a term used to refer to lawyers in a case.
defendant/ the accused
In a civil suit, the person complained against: in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime
a lawyer (mostly barristers) specializing in the defense of individuals
evidence/ circumstantial evidence
anything that you see, experience, read, or are told that causes you to believe that something is true or has really happened./ All evidence except eyewitness testimony.
examine/ cross examine
to ask questions to witness/ to ask questions to the witness of the other side
A document or other item introduced as evidence during a trial
The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial. It is used primarily for felonies
A person who is on the jury./ Persons selected according to law and sworn to inquire into and declare a verdict on matters of fact
A reason that an attorney interrupts a witness to talk to the judge
A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
The decision of a jury or a judge
The process by which judges and lawyers select a jury from among those eligible to serve by questioning them to determine knowledge of the facts of the case and a willingness to decide the case only on the evidence presented in court. "Voir dire" is a phrase meaning "to speak the truth"
A written order directing the arrest of a party. A search warrant orders that a specific location be searched for items, which if found, can be used in court as evidence.
A person called open by either side in a lawsuit to give testimony before the court or jury
An opportunity to provide a clear and persuasive argument to convince the scoring judges the evidence presented is sufficient to win the case for the side represented.
A case brought by the government, through a prosecutor, against a person thought to have broken the law.
A case brought by a person (A) who goes against with the other person(B) who damaged the person(A)'s property.
The introduction of the case
A judge says that when the evidence is admissible and he doesn't accept the objection made.
the presumption of innocence
the legal principle that one is considered innocent unless proven guilty
to state officially that they are guilty or not guilty of the crime
a period of time during which a person who has committed a crime has to obey the law and be supervised by a probation officer, rather than being sent to prison.
an official who brings charges against someone or tries to prove in a trial that they are guilty
The time given to a party to present contradictory evidence or arguments. Only the Prosecution/Plaintiff may offer a rebuttal.
A break provided before closing arguments allowing competing team members an opportunity to prepare their closing arguments.
a doubt especially about the guilt of a criminal defendant that arises or remains upon fair and thorough consideration of the evidence
one formally pronounced by a court or judge in a criminal proceeding and specifying the punishment to be inflicted upon the convict
a legal arrangement in which a person who has been found guilty of a crime is not sentenced to jail but may be sentenced for that crime at a future time if he or she commits another crime during a specified period
A judge says that when he accepts the objection made
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