Psych 2

a disorder that appears in childhood and is marked by deficient communication, social interaction, and understanding of others' states of mind
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Terms in this set (26)
according to Erik Erikson, a sense that the world is predictable and trustworthy; said to be formed during infancy by appropriate experiences with responsive caregiversBasic Trustthe study of the relative power and limits of genetic and environmental influences on behaviorBehavior Geneticstherapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviorsBehavior Therapyan interdisciplinary field that integrates behavioral and medical knowledge and applies that knowledge to health and diseaseBehavioral Medicinethe view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes. Most research psychologists today agree with (1) but not with (2).Behaviorismthe tendency for one's preexisting beliefs to distort logical reasoning, sometimes by making invalid conclusions seem valid, or valid conclusions seem invalidBelief Biasclinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discreditedBelief Perseverancedepth cues, such as retinal disparity and convergence, that depend on the use of two eyesBinocular Cuesa system for electronically recording, amplifying, and feeding back information regarding a subtle physiological state, such as blood pressure or muscle tensionBiofeedbacka branch of psychology concerned with the links between biology and behavior (behavioral neuroscientists, neuro-psychologists, geneticists, physiological psychologists, or bio-psychologists)Biological Psychologyperiodic physiological fluctuationsBiological RhythmsA contemporary perspective which assumes that biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors combines and interact to produce psychological disordersBiopsychosocial Perspectivethe point at which the optic nerve leaves the eye, creating a "blind" spot because no receptor cells are located thereBlind Spotthe oldest part and central core of the brain, beginning where the spinal cord swells as it enters the skull; the brainstem is responsible for automatic survival functionsBrainstemAn area of the frontal lobe, usually in the left hemisphere, that directs the muscle movements involved in speechBroca's Areaphysical, emotional, and mental exhaustion brought on by persistent job related stressBurnout