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57 terms

APUSH Ch 1 ID's

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Tenochtitlan
capital city of the Aztec empire, located where Mexico city stands now
Tenochtitlan
population of over 100,000 in 1500
Iroquois Confederation
a group of First Nations/Native Americans that originally consisted of five nations: the Mohawk, the Oneida, the Onondaga, the Cayuga, and the Seneca.
Iroquois Confederation
first emerged in the mid 15th century
Black Death
an epidemic of the bubonic plague
Black Death
began in Constantinople in 1347
Tenochtitlan
larger than any European city at that time
Iroquois Confederation
most elaborately organized group
Black Death
killed more than 1/3 of the people in Europe, took 1 1/2 centuries to recover from
Prince Henry the Navigator
Portuguese prince who thought that explorers could find a shortcut around Africa to Asia
Prince Henry the Navigator
1400's
Prince Henry the Navigator
explored the western coast of Africa and largely helped Portugal become the top maritime power in the 1400's
Amerigo Vespucci
Florentine merchant, member of a Portuguese expedition to the New World
Amerigo Vespucci
1490's to early 1500's
Amerigo Vespucci
First person to realize America was a new continent, America was named after him instead of Columbus
Francisco Pizarro
Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru
Francisco Pizarro
1532-1538
Francisco Pizarro
revealed to Europe the Inca's wealth and opened the way for more advances into South America
Don Juan de Onate
Spanish conquistador, claimed lands of the Pueblo Indians
Don Juan de Onate
1598-1606
Don Juan de Onate
His harsh treatment of the natives threatened his colony's stability, and was removed from governor in 1606
Pueblo Indians
Indians that lived in present day New Mexico
Pueblo Indians
late 1500's-1600's
Pueblo Indians
"conquered" by Don Juan's party, almost destroyed the Spanish colony in a 1680 revolt, finally permitted by the Spanish to own land and were assimilated
mestizos
A person of mixed Native American and European ancestory
mestizos
1500-1600's
mestizos
an elaborate hierarchy was created because of these; spanish at the top, these in the middle and natives at the bottom
Mali
a large empire in West Africa
Mali
1100-1400's
Mali
its main city, Timbuktu, was known as a center of trading an a seat of education, showing that Africans were not savages like the Europeans thought
John Cabot
an English navigator, native of Genoa like Columbus
John Cabot
sailed to the NE coast of North America in 1497
John Cabot
England's first documented contact with America
enclosures
English landowners evicted their tenants to make a bigger profit off of sheep
enclosures
1516-early 1600's
enclosures
cause a serious problem of over-population and thousands of evicted tenants
merchant capitalists
merchants who believed in Mercantilism
merchant capitalists
1500-1600's
merchant capitalists
helped create a domestic cloth industry that allowed them to market finished goods at home and abroad
Mercantilism
a concept of economic life: increase the nation's wealth by extracting wealth from foreign countries, the world's wealth is finite
Mercantilism
1500-1600's
Mercantilism
enhanced the position of merchant capitalists, these principles guided the economic policies in almost all European nation-states
Huguenots
French protestants, believed everyone's destiny is pre-determined
Huguenots
1520's
Huguenots
an alternative to Catholicism, spread quickly through northern Europe
Separatists
very radical Puritans, determined to worship as they saw fit
Separatists
1550-1600's
Separatists
worshiped unlawfully: England forbid unauthorized religious meetings, they rejected assumptions about the proper religious roles of women
Plantations
transplantations of English society in Ireland
Plantations
1560-1570's
Plantations
They gave the English the assumptions they used to deal with the Native Americans
Coureurs de bois
fur traders and trappers, they penetrated far into the American wilderness
Coureurs de bois
early 1600's, started in 1608
Coureurs de bois
they developed a large trade that became one of the major supports of French colonial economy, helped open the way for more French presence in North America
Sea Dogs
pirates hired by a country to defeat certain ships
Sea Dogs
1570-1580's
Sea Dogs
They built confidence in England's ability to challenge Spain's navy, allowing them to become the top maritime power