Modernism in American Literature
Terms in this set (27)
a reaction to the post-war urban economy - emphasis on the human experience, with an undercurrent of uncertainty
- traditional literary frameworks & structures were cast aside for inner dialogue and ambiguous details that showed a deeper story left to interpretation
Famous Modernist writer known for the iceberg principle
A good author can include minimal details describing characters' actions, thoughts, and feelings but by not interpreting or elaborating on their significance, the reader will unconsciously determine what is missing/under the surface. The reader is actively engaged.
*left to interpretation
*ending left unresolved
use of ambiguity in their work
They no longer felt confident confident enough to state universal truths in their work directly, so they used understatement and irony to reveal important emotions and ideas.
Example of ambiguity
The speaker in "Mending Wall" continues to call his neighbor to build the wall each year.
Readers are not clear about the topic of conversation at first between the American and girl at the beginning of "Hills Like White Elephants." We don't know if Jig has an abortion or not.
iceberg principle, flashbacks, fragmentation, different points of view, and stream-of-consciousness
stream of consciousness
a narrative device that attempts to give the written equivalent of the character's thought processes, either in a loose interior monologue, or in connection to his or her actions. This style of writing is characterized by associative leaps in thought and lack of some or all punctuation.
What term describes the tensions and hostilities that remained after World War I, felt especially by combatants who felt used by their country?
Causes of growth in America between the two wars
Reaction to events such as the wars and the bombing of Pearl Harbor unified the nation against common enemies
Lost Generation Author of THE GREAT GATSBY and other novels who describes effects of sudden wealth of the Jazz Age in America.
"Make It New"
Idea that Modernists believed literary conventions like form, syntax, structure and so on were no longer able to express their emotions and the drastically altered state of the world.
Modernists focused on these in their writings instead of traditional "heroes" who stood for the values of society.
symbols and images
Modernist use these to give their work meaning; however, they were suggested rather than stated.
The term that refers to a group of American literary notables who lived in Paris from the time period which saw the end of World War I to the beginning of the Great Depression.
Mending Wall by Robert Frost
"Good fences make good neighbors"
"Something there is that doesn't love a wall"
Deeper: Emotional Walls
economic change that characterizes the Modernist period in American literature and led to large numbers of factories, shifting away from agricultural economy.
Modernist period end
the end of WWII
The Jazz Age
Time of Instant wealth in cities that led to large population of newly rich; characterized by the popularity of nightclubs that supplied live music and alcohol, due to underground bootlegging.
After The Great Migration, people migrated from small rural agricultural areas into cities to escape poverty. A literary, artistic, and intellectual movement that kindled a new black cultural identity in America.
Flannery O'Conner, Tennessee Williams, William Faulkner, Eudora Welty
Southern Writers who emerged during the Southern Literary Renaissance that highlighted the creativity of southern writers
Changes in the literary world during the early 1900's that can be attributed to technological advancements like mass production.
The paper back made books more affordable and lead to "Book of the Month" clubs, "Best Seller" lists. Affordability of magazines made them popular venues for writers like Fitzgerald who published stories in magazines like The Saturday Evening Post and The New Yorker.
general themes of Modernism
change, progress, questioning the ways of the past
High Modernist poets
They feared the change was not for the better; they saw it as a period of loss, realizing that society had shifted so much and would never be able to return to the old ways. Saw the new America as fragmented, disjointed, and chaotic.
Low Modernist poets
Experimentation with form; very different; imagery; Ezra Pound referred to himself as an imagiste, rather than a poet.
Author and his work that famously describe the sudden halt of prosperity in America, called the Great Depression, due in part to The Dust Bowl.
John Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath
Ernest Hemingway, Robert Frost, T.S. Elliot
Famous writers of the Lost Generation
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Academic Word Lists - AWL Sublists
Modernism in American Literature
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Fences Study Guide Act 1 & 2
OTHELLO: ACT 1
Eng 1102 Fiction Midterm
Backpack Literature-Ch. 3-4 Character and Setting
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Robert Frost 2130 American Lit
Native American and Puritan Literature
american literature realism, naturalism
Realism and Naturalism