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The Second Civil Rights Era
Terms in this set (25)
1965 March from Selma to Montgomery
Protest to draw attention to voting rights
Martin Luther King Jr.
U.S. Baptist minister and civil rights leader. A noted orator, he opposed discrimination based on skin color, organizing nonviolent resistance and peaceful mass demonstrations. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. Nobel Peace Prize (1964)
Thurgood Marshall (1908-1993)
NAACP legal counsel and the first African-American Supreme Court Justice
Separation of people based on racial, ethnic, or other differences
the act of uniting or bringing together, especially people of different skin color.
The first African American player in the major league of baseball. His actions helped to bring about other opportunities for African Americans.
Brown v. Board of Education
1954 - The Supreme Court overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, declared that racially segregated facilities are inherently unequal and ordered all public schools desegregated.
Little Rock Nine
1957 - Governor Faubus sent the Arkansas National Guard to prevent nine Black students from entering Little Rock Central High School. Eisenhower sent in U.S. paratroopers to ensure the students could attend class.
United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery (Alabama) and so triggered the national civil rights movement (born in 1913)
Montgomery Bus Boycott
1955 protest action to end segregation on buses in Montgomery, Alabama
Chief Justice during the 1950's and 1960's who used a loose interpretation to expand rights for both African-Americans and those accused of crimes.
John F. Kennedy (JFK)
President of the US during the Bay of Pigs Invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis
Lyndon B. Johnson (LBJ)
VP under JFK who was sworn in as president after JFK's assassination; Great Society and "war on poverty"
tax-payer aid to the poor
A nonviolent, public refusal to obey allegedly unjust laws.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
1957 group founded by Martin Luther King Jr. to fight against segregation using nonviolent means
a form of protest in which demonstrators occupy a place, refusing to leave until their demands are met.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin
Voting Rights Act of 1965
a law designed to help end formal and informal barriers to African-American suffrage
Black Muslim who argued for separation, not integration. He changed his views, but was assassinated in 1965.
A policy designed to give special attention to or compensatory treatment for members of some previously disadvantaged group.
1921-2006. American feminist, activist and writer. Best known for starting the "Second Wave" of feminism through the writing of her book "The Feminine Mystique".
National Organization for Women
adopted activist tactics of other civil rights movements to secure equal treatment of women
Organized Union Farm Workers (UFW); help migratory farm workers gain better pay & working conditions.
forced to retire at 65; organized Gray Panthers against age discrimination and protested in D.C.
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