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gov unit 4 prez terms
Terms in this set (28)
the president's use of his prestige and visibility to guide or enthuse the American public
Mercy or leniency granted to an offender by a chief executive.
Constitutional power of the president - "supreme commander" of the nation's armed forces. Important to keep military under civilian control, leads to conflict with Congress over war power (War Powers Act)
An agreement between the president and the leader of another country
A rule issued by the president that has the force of law
The power to keep executive communications confidential, especially if they relate to national security.
formal powers president
- President: Strictly, Constitutional Power, The President is the Commander in Chief of the Army and the Navy of the United States; He has power with advice and consent of the senate to make Treaties and he shall nominate ambassadors and other public officials, Emergency Powers, and has the power to Veto.
The powers of the national government in foreign affairs that the Supreme Court has declared do not depend on constitutional grants but rather grow out of the very existence of the national government
implied (informal) powers
influence public opinion, public bargaining with Congress (aiding support during elections), party leader (mobilizes his party when he needs his agendas passed), coalition leader (finds points of agreement among both groups that gets them to agree on something even with different reasons for doing so), crisis manager (US looks to Pres if a crisis happens for guidance and to gauge his reaction)
A declaration of forgiveness and freedom from punishment
A veto taking place when Congress adjourns within 10 days of submitting a bill to the president, who simply lets it die by neither signing nor vetoing it.
the issues that attract the serious attention of public officials and other people actually involved in politics at any given point in time
President of the United States
These occur when voters cast their ballots for congressional candidates of the president's party because they support the president. Recent studies show that few races are won this way.
Presidential Succession Act (1947)
1. Vice President 2. Speaker of the House 3. President Pro-Tempore of the Senate 4. Secretary of State 5. Secretary of Treasury
(n) a temporary relief or delay; (v) to grant a postponement
statement issued by the president after he signs a bill wherein he provides his interpretation of the law/modifies the intent of Congress
Passed in 1951, the amendment that limits presidents to two terms of office.
A 1967 amendment to the Constitution that establishes procedures for filling presidential and vice presidential vacancies and makes provisions for presidential disability.
Chief executive's power to reject a bill passed by a legislature
A message from the president to Congress stating that he will not sign a bill it has passed. Must be produced within ten days of the bill's passage.
checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
Veto, Emergency Powers, Executive Clemency, Foreign Affairs, Commander-in-Chief, Powers of Appointment.
media and public image
fourth branch of government
non-government organizations (NGOs)
International organizations that operate outside of the formal political arena but that are nevertheless influential in spearheading international initiatives on social, economic, and enviornmental issues
"flash points" of conflict between the President and Congress
War Powers Resolution (1973)
A law passed in 1973 spelling out the conditions under which the president can commit troops without congressional approval.
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