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Arts and Humanities
AP World History ch. 20 review
Terms in this set (35)
How did the emergence of Germany as a new nation-state affect the European Political scene after 1870?
Germany's arrival disrupted the established order
What impact did world war 1 have on Europe's colonial empires?
The war drew in laborers and soldiers from the colonies
What was a factor in causing the Great Depression?
Speculation on the stock market
What strained Japan's relations with Western Powers in the early 1940's?
Japanese military operations in IndoChina, Malaya and Burma
What best describes popular attitudes in Europe toward the prospect of war in the summer of 1914?
Which country switched sides after World War One began?
Which country was least affected by the Great Depression?
The Soviet Union
What was a distinctive and central feature of the German expression of fascism?
An insistence on a racial revolution
What was a reason for the popularity of the Nazi Party once it seized power in the 1930s?
Its success in bringing Germany out of the Great Depression
What characteristic did Japan, Italy, and Germany share in the 1930s?
Aggressive ambition for conquest and empire building
What drew Japan, Germany, and Italy into a political alliance by 1936-37?
Hostility towards the Soviet Union
What effect did World War II have on communism?
It enabled communist parties in Eastern Europe and China to assume power
In contrast to what transpired during World War I, Germany during World War II was able to
conquer France quickly
What effect did the U.S. Marshall Plan have on European economies?
It promoted economic growth and widespread prosperity in Western Europe.
In regard to civilians, what was a more prominent feature of World War II than World War I?
The blurring of the line between civilian and military targets
Which of the MAIN causes of WW1 explains how an assassination in Austria-Hungary triggered World War I?
Militarism, Alliances, Imperial empires, and Nationalism
What was a term of the Treaty of Versailles that was most contemptible to the German people?
Germany was to accept sole responsibility for causing World War I.
The new states that had been carved out of which empire were governed as mandates of the League of Nations after World War I?
The Ottoman Empire
What happened to the German sphere of influence in China after World War I ended?
Japan claimed it.
Which of the following describes the position of the United States after World War I?
It became Europe's main creditor.
What characterized European and American culture in the 1920s?
A new consumerism
What represented a response among many Latin American countries to the global repercussions of the Great Depression?
Import substitution industrialization
The set of reforms packaged as the New Deal was based on the belief that
government actions and spending programs could correct the market
What is the central appeal of fascists that separates them from other totalitarian governments like communism?
Japanese politics and society during the 1920s suggested that Japan favored
democratic politics and Western culture
Which of the following resulted from Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor?
The wars in Asia and Europe merged into a single global war.
What happened to Europe's empires in Asia and Africa after the end of World War II?
European empires collapsed as colonies achieved independence.
What agreement committed the United States to the defense of Europe against the Soviet Union after WW2?
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
How did the American occupation of Japan after World War II affect the Japanese economy?
It promoted rapid economic growth and generated economic prosperity.
What contributed to Western European recovery after the devastation of World War II?
The ability of Western European countries to integrate their economies
What reflects Hitler's view of the Aryan as expressed in Mein Kampf?
"He is the Prometheus of mankind ...."
In Mein Kampf, Hitler identified as a goal of Nazi foreign policy "to secure for the German people the land and soil to which they are entitled on this earth." Where was the "land and soil" he had in mind?
The Russian Empire
Both Mein Kampf and the Cardinal Principles of the National Entity of Japan portray the best form of government as one in which
power is in the hands of one person.
What reflects an understanding of the state articulated in the Cardinal Principles of the National Entity of Japan?
"An individual is an existence belonging to the State and her history, which forms the basis of his origin, and is fundamentally one body with it...."
What expresses the national character of Japan expressed through the notion of "kokutai" in the Cardinal Principles of the National Entity of Japan?
". ..the relationship between the Emperor and his subjects arises from the same fountainhead, and has prospered ever since the founding of the nation as one in essence...."
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