FINAL ENG 261: Test 1 Intro & Phonetics
Terms in this set (10)
Name the four distinctive characteristics of human language
1. humans acquire language in speech communities
2. human words are unique compared to other animal signs
3. human language can be ambiguous
4.human language is infinitely creative
English comes from what family and branch of language?
According to Labov, what are three facts that prompt language change?
~ Internal Factors
~ social factors
~ cognitive factors
What are prescriptive (grammar) rules? Examples.
~way language should be used; formal; textbook language
Example: is not, am not
What are descriptive (grammar) rules? Examples.
~ way we actually use language; informal; spoken/written
Example: ain't, isn't
Name the three distinctive features of consonants. Exmaples
1. Place or point of articulation
2. manner of articulation
3. voicing (Ex. voiced or voiceless)
Name the three distinctive features of vowels. Examples
2. Frontness or backness
3. Tenseness or laxness
Example: the letter L
What are three different areas of phonetics?
Why is it useful to have a phonetic transcription system?
the spelling of the word doesn't tell you enough about how its pronounced by others
What is meant by having a one-to-one correspondence between sounds and symbols? What would this property by desirable?
~ 1 sound for 1 symbol which would eliminate ambiguity
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