Taylor Nursing Chapter 28: Medications

Key Concepts:

Terms in this set (59)

Capsule / liquigel
powder or gel form of an active enclosed in a gelatinous container

Elixir
medication in a clear liquid containing water, alcohol, sweeteners, and flavor

Enteric coated
a tablet or pill coated to prevent stomach irritation

Extended release
preparation of a medication that allows for slow and continuous release over a predetermined period; may also be referred to as
- CR or CRT (controlled release),
- SR (sustained or slow release),
- SA (sustained action),
- LA (long acting),
- TR (timed release)
Never chew or crush!

Liniment
medication mixed with alcohol, oil , or soap, which is rubbed in the skin

Lotion
drug particles in a solution of topical use

Lozenge/ troche
Small oval, round, or oblong preparation containing a drug in a flavored or sweetened base, which dissolves in the mouth releases the medication

Ointment / unction
semisolid preparation containing a drug to be applied externally

Pill
mixture of a powdered drug with a cohesive material, may be round or oval

Powder
single or mixture of finely ground drugs

Solution
a drug dissolved in another substance (e.g. in an aqueous solution)

Suppository
an easily melted medication preparation in a firm base such a gelatin that is inserted into the body (rectum,vagina, urethra)

Suspension
finely divided, undissolved particles in a liquid, medium, should be shaken before use

Syrup
medication combined in a water and sugar solution

Tablet
small, solid dose of medication, compressed of molded, may be any color, size, or shape; enteric-coated tablets are coated with a substance that is insoluble in gastric acids to reduce gastric irritation be the drug

Transdermal patch
unit dose of medication applied directly to skin for diffusion through skin and absorption into the bloodstream