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BCC1: Substance Use and Abuse
Terms in this set (64)
Caffeine, amphetamines, methamphetamines, cocaine and tobacco are examples of:
Alcohol, barbituates, and tranquilizers are examples of:
The reasons for substance abuse are;
curiosity, low self-esteem, peer pressure, adult modeling, mood alteration, boredom, and alienation
Indicators of substance abuse are;
sudden decline in school achievement, smoking cigarettes, a change in friends or peers, parents' loss of trust, change in personality, withdrawl from extracurricular activities that were previously important, missing class, school or being habitually late to school, negative change in appearance and/or personal hygeine, lack of communication with parents (secretiveness, unexplained phone calls, hostility to questions), going out every night, unexplained disappearance of family funds or family and personal possessions, increased agressiveness towards others (fighting and hostility), heavy use of OTC preperations to reduce eye reddening
What type of drug prevention programs are most effective?
peer programs that include refusal skills, or social and life skills, or both.
any substance that has mind-altering properties or in other ways interacts with and modifies the structure and function of the body.
the use of a drug for a purpose which it was not intended.
the excessive use of a drug
What type of drug administration is the most dangerous?
min. amount required to produce a therapeutic effect.
dose in which max. effects are obtained
amount of the drug that will produce death
ratio between the effective dose and the lethal dose. the higher the index the lower the chance of dose being lethal.
difference in effective doses between drugs that are used for the same purpose
time required for the substance to produce an effect after the body recieves it. (quicker effect-shorter effectiveness)
an interaction of two or more drugs that produces more profund effects that wound be expected if the drugs were taken separately
increase the effect of
blocks or interferes with the function of another drug when used in combination with it, or it may inhibit a normal biological compound, such as a hormone.
an apparent cure or improved state of health brought about by a substance or product that has no medicinal value.
an aquired reaction to a drug in which continued intake of same dose has diminished effects.
raste at which the body disposes of a drug
the development of a tolerance to one drug that reduces the effects of another similar drug
users have the same response to a lower dose of a drug than they had with initial higher doses
occurs when a person has a strong desire to repeat the use of a drug either ocassionally or continually for emotional reasons
substance dependence in which there is evidence of tolerance, withdrawal, or both
Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs
medications that can be purchased without a physician's prescription.
drugs that slow down, inhibit, or depress the nervous system. extremely high risk of physical an psychological addiction.
Main effects deppressants have on the body
sedatives, tranquilizers, hypnotics, anesthetics
Effects of alcohol
impairs brain activity, muscular control, coordination, memory, reaction time, and judgement, coma or death, damages liver and brain.
What is the primary cause of auto accidents?
Alcoholism (Alcohol Dependency)
condition when personal and health problems related to alcohol use are severe, and stopping alcohol use results in withdrawal symptoms.
use of alcohol that interferes with work, school, or personal relationships or that entails violations of the law.
"downers" are a sedative-hypnotic
Withdrawal effects of barbituates are;
tremors, vomiting, confusion, nausea, perspiring, convulsions, increased heartrate
Effects of barbituates
drowsy, uninhibited, intoxicated, staggering, slurred speech, confused, coma, death from cardiac or respiratory arrest.
prescribed for stress, anxiety and muscle relaxants
Signs of tranquilizer dependency
drowsniness, slurred speech, irritability, irrational fear
drugs that induce sleep and relieve pain; primarily the opiates
derivative of opium; potent painkiller used to relieve severe pain
a drug derived from morphione; used in cough syrups and certain painkillers
illegally manufactured derivative of morphine, usually injected into the bloodstream causing a sudden rush of euphoria followed by a dreamy state of complete relaxation. tolerance develops quickly often causing overdose
Symptoms of heroin withdrawl
chills, fever, diarrhea, vomiting, is seldom life threatening
drugs that speed up the nervous system. they increase heart rate, blood pressure, and amount of circulating blood sugar
most common stimulant; increases mental alertness and provides feeling of energy. high doses can cause nervousness and increased heart rate
large and varied group of synthetic agents that stimulate the CNS. "uppers".
Examples of amphetamines
ritalin, sudafed, adderall, methamphetamine
a powerfully addictive drug that strongly activates certain areas of the brain and affects the CNS. releases dopamine. limited therapeutic use in treatment of obesity.
powerful stimulant drug made from the leaves of the south american coca shrub. useful for limited medical purposes for severe pain with terminal illness.
What drug provides euphoria and energy followed by depression and has a low chance of physical dependence and high chance of psychological dependence
process used for purifying or refining cocaine that produces a more potent form of cocaine.
acts as stimulant on heart and nervous system, causing an increased heartbeat and elevated blood pressure and constricted blood vessels that leads to decreased skin temperature.
a thick, brownish substance condenses from particulate matter in smoked tobacco, identified as carcinogens
a psychoactive stimulant that intensifies reactions to environmental stimuli.
Effects of marijuana
distortion of time, increased heart rate, increased appetite and thirst, dialation of blood vessels in eyes, muscular weakness
What is the dominant illicit drug?
What is marijuana used for medicinally?
glaucoma, chemo induced nausea/vomiting, appetite stimulation, antiasthmatic effect, seizures, spasticity, and other NS disorders, muscle relaxant
volatile solvents and aerosols that are sniffed or inhaled to produce high. are either depressant or hallucinogenic
Effects of chronic use of inhalants
permanent brain damage, impaired motor behavior, psychological problems, damage to lungs, kidneys, and liver
impairs senses, memory, judgement, and coordination
Stimulant Club Drugs
ecstacy & mdma
Depressant Club Drugs
ghb & rohypnol
GHB & Rohypnol are both used as
date rape drugs
substances capable of creating hallucinations.
Examples of hallucinogens
lsd, peyote, pcp
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