Religions of Ancient India
Terms in this set (10)
The world's third largest, and believed to be the oldest religion in the world; the dominant religion of India that blended the ideas of the Aryans & Indians
The one universal spirit or soul that is believed by Hindus to exist everywhere and inside each living being; Results in a connected spiritual oneness
Vedas / Upanishads
The sacred writings of Hinduism consisting of hymns, stories, prayers and religious practices
Caste / Varna System
A system of social classes remaining for a lifetime that determine the jobs people do, who they marry, etc.
The belief that one's soul after death is reborn to exist in another life in body or form
The belief that the sum of a person's actions in their current life determines their position or status in their next life
Refers to one's personal duties that must be performed according to Hinduism; The duties of people are different depending on their place in society
Indian spiritual teacher who became known as the "Enlightened One," or Buddha and founded Buddhism; was born circa 563 BCE in modern-day Nepal.
The world's fourth-largest religion that began in India and spread to eastern and central Asia
An emotional and spiritual state of perfect peace and happiness, free from all earthly concerns and suffering
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