Terms in this set (19)

A "group" is an "aggregation of people interacting in a face -to - face situation". This contrasts sharply to the group of students in a class room situation. Group discussion is considered a very effective method of health communication. It permits the individuals to learn by freely exchanging their knowledge, ideas and opinions. Group discussion provides a wider interaction among members than is possible with other methods. Where long term compliance is involved (e.g., cessation of smoking, obesity reduction) group discussion is considered valuable.
For effective group discussion, the group should comprise not less than 6 and not more than 12 members. The participants are all seated in a circle, so that each is fully visible to all the others. There should be a group leader who initiates the subject, helps the discussion in the proper manner, prevents side-conversations, encourages everyone to participate and sums up the discussion in the end. If the discussion goes well, the group may arrive at decisions which no individual member would have been able to make alone. It is also desirable to have a person to record whatever is discussed. The "recorder" prepares a report on the issues discussed and agreements reached. In a group discussion, the members should observe the following rules: (a) express ideas clearly and concisely (b) listen to what others say (c) do not interrupt when others are speaking (d) make only relevant remarks (e) accept criticism gracefully and (f) help to reach conclusions. Group discussion is successful if the members know each other beforehand, when they can discuss freely.