Chapter 8 Sections 4-5
Terms in this set (13)
A way to use reason to support Christian beliefs. It combines the ideas of the Greeks and the Christians. It was created so they could still have faith but not undermine the logic of Aristotle.
A famous scholastic. He concluded that faith and reason exist in harmony and that God rules over an orderly universe. He helped bring together Christian faith and classic Greek philosophy.
Everyday languages of average people. Examples are French, German, and Italian .during the high and late Middle Ages, epics and poems were written in this.
Italian poet that wrote the Divine Comedy. The poem goes through an imaginary into hell and purgatory and eventually heaven.
The author of the Canterbury Tales. He eloquently describes the characters and their voyage to Saint Thomas Becket's tomb.
An architectural style developed by the builders of the St. Denis church. It was created when Abbot Suger hoped the church would "shine with wonderful and uninterrupted light".
The most important feature of Gothic architecture. They are stone supports that stand outside of the church. The supports allowed the builders to build higher and thinner walls that left space for stained glass windows.
The book form of the Gothic style. It was the decoration of books. It was very popular amongst religious persons and artisans to show their everyday life and biblical scenes. They were very intricate and colorful.
A plague that killed many people in Europe during the Middle Ages. It originated from a shipment of grain from the Black Sea that made its way to Messina. Over time, it spread across the rest of Europe and killed one third of the population.
An outbreak of a rapid spreading disease. One of the biggest of these is when the Mongols carried the Bubonic Plague through much of Asia.
A rise in prices. This occurred in the Middle Ages when plagues broke out. When most of the workers died, production declined and the surviving employees demanded more wages. This and the plague also led to a spike in explosive revolts within in peasant and artisan communities.
A split. This occurred within the church when many Christians no longer believed in the authority of the Pope. During these splits, 2 or 3 separate Popes claimed to be the true "vicar of Christ".
A kind of weapon used in warfare wielded by English archers. They were much larger than the prior models and England owed much of their success to the new weapons.