Middle East after 1500 Timeline Test
Terms in this set (18)
Where is the present day Safavid empire?
Who was the Ottoman emperor between 1520 and 1566, and what was his significance?
tolerant of outside Christian religions and gave women relative freedom
What was significant about the Ottoman siege of Vienna?
Showed political and military capacity for expansion of Islam at the expense of Christianity
What allowed Abd al- Wahhab to gain political power?
When he joined forces with Muhammad Ibn Saud
What was the Wahhabi movement?
Renewed limits on secular life, abolished idolatry, and gave women limited rights
led to the formation of a new reformist state that encompassed much of Central Asia
What happened in 1798?
Napoleon Bonaparte, the French military commander, invaded and conquered Egypt
What were the Tanzimat reforms?
Sought to provide base for new recentralized state
start of modernization
more equality for all citizens
What was the significance of the Suez Canal?
Gave European powers more access to Middle Eastern trade
What were two ideas of the Young Turks?
1. opposed despotism and called for a militarily secular public life
2. began Turkish nationalism thinking, loyalty to ethnicity not religion
What did the Young Turks do? (two major things)
take over Ottoman Empire through military coup
secularized schools, court, law and gave women more rights
restored Ottoman constitution and made Turkish the official language
Who committed the Armenian Genocide?
List one of the states that gained independence from European imperialism and the year.
Egypt - 1922
When did Israel declare independence?
When did the War on Terror begin?
Why was al-Qaeda created originally?
To funnel fighters and funds to Afghan resistance movement against Soviet expansion into Afghanistan
religion of Safavid Empire
religion of Ottoman Empire
religion of Afro-Asian world