Chapter 27 WWII
Terms in this set (25)
a radical dictatorship the exercises "total claims" over the beliefs and behavior of its citizens by taking control of the economic, social, intellectual, and cultural aspects of society.
A movement characterized by extreme, often expansionist nationalism; anti-socialism; a dynamic and violent leader; and glorification of war and the military.
a pseudoscientific doctrine saying the selective breeding of human beings can improve the general characcteristics of a national unity and racial exclusion and ultimately contributed to the Holocaust.
A plan launched by Stalin in 1928, and termed the "revolution from above," aimed at modernizing the Soviet Union and creating a new Communist society with new attitudes, new loyalties, and a new socialist humanity.
New Economic Policy (NEP)
Lenin's 1921 policy to re-establish limited economic freedom in an attempt to rebuild agriculture and industry in the face of economic disintegration.
Collectivization of Agriculture
The forrcible consolidation of individuals peasant farms into large state-controlled enterprises in the Soviet Union under Stalin.
The better-off peasants who were stripped of land and livestock under Stalin and were generally not permitted to join collective farms; many of them starved or were deported to forced labor camps for "re-education."
Mussolini's private militia that destroyed socialist newspapers, union halls, and Socialist Party headquarters, eventually pushing Socialist of the city governments of northern Italy.
A 1929 agreement that recognized the Vatican as an independent state, with Mussolini agreeing to give the church heavy financial support in return for public support from the pope.
A movement and political party driven by extreme nationalism and racism, led by Adolf Hitler; its adherents ruled Germany from 1933 to 1945 and forced Europe into World War II.
An act pushed through the Reichstag by the Nazis that gave Hitler absolute dictatorial power for four years.
The British policy toward Germany prior to World War II that aimed at granting Hitler's territorial demands, including western Czechoslovakia, in order to avoid war.
Hitler's program based on racial imperialism, which gave preferential treatment to the "Nordic" peoples; the French, an "inferior" Latin people, occupied a middle position; and Slavs and Jews were treated harshly as "subhumans."
The systematic effort of the Nazi state to exterminate all European Jews and other groups deemed racially inferior during the Second World War.
Treaty of Versailles signed
World War II
September 1, 1939
Germany invades Poland
The Great Depressoin
he served as General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1952 and as Premier of the Soviet Union from 1941 to 1953.
He ruled Italy as Prime Minister from 1922 to 1943 - constitutionally until 1925, when he dropped the pretense of democracy and established a dictatorship.
Victor Emmanuel III
was the King of Italy from 29 July 1900 until his abdication on 9 May 1946.
As dictator, Hitler initiated World War II in Europe with the invasion of Poland in September 1939, and was central to the Holocaust.
was Reichsführer of the Schutzstaffel , and a leading member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Germany.
was a British statesman, army officer, and writer, who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
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