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First Aid & CPR 1
Terms in this set (41)
ABC stands for?
Determining number of injured & nature of the event.
When evaluating a scene you should focus on which of the following items?
The word triage means to ___________ the care of patients based on the level of severity of the injury/illness.
medical alert tags
What is an addition item you should check for to determine if a patient has a particular illness or allergy?
Shake the victim and state "Hey, hey....are you ok?"
When first approaching what appears to be an unresponsive victim with no obvious injuries what should you do?
When an unconscious person is not breathing they can experience irreversible brain damage in as little as how many minutes?
After determining that a victim is unresponsive what is your next step?
How long do you have to complete the ABC check prior to beginning CPR?
What is the ratio of chest compressions to breaths?
at least 2 inches
How deep should you compress the chest when performing adult CPR?
How many compressions per second should you perform during one cycle of CPR?
How long should one cycle of compressions during CPR take if you are compressing at approximately 120 compressions per minute?
Head Tilt & Chin Lift
Prior to delivering breaths to the victim what technique should be used to position the head on a victim that is not suspected of having a spinal injury?
Chest to rise and fall
As you are breathing into the victim's mouth what should you be watching for?
When providing breaths during adult CPR you should _______ the patient's nose to prevent air from escaping.
What is an essential first step when handling blood or blood products?
cover the wound and apply pressure
After putting on gloves what must you do quickly to stop the flow of blood?
placed in ice
Amputated body parts should be __________ to assist in preserving tissue.
a medical emergency in which the organs and tissues of the body are not receiving an adequate flow of blood. This deprives the organs and tissues of oxygen (carried in the blood) and allows the buildup of waste products. Shock can result in serious damage or even death.
rapid heart rate with weak pulse
cold clammy skin
chills due to fall in body temperature
What are few of the symptoms a patient may have as a result of shock?
Lay the victim down
Cover them up
Raise their feet (about 12 inches)
What are steps that you can take to help patients/victims in shock prior to the arrival of EMS?
Helps return vital blood to the body core that is needed by the organs.
Why is important to raise the feet of a shock victim?
What are common sources of allergic reactions that can lead to anaphylactic shock?
swelling of the throat
What are symptoms associated with allergic reactions?
medical alert tags
People with severe allergic reactions often wear _______________.
If you suspect someone is having a heart attack what is the first step you should take?
Make victim comfortable
Loosen tight clothing
Check for medications
Keep victim still
Don't give stimulants
Give victim an aspirin
What steps would you take after calling 911 for a possible heart attack victim that is responsive?
What are examples of stimulants that we may use in our everyday lives?
thins the blood
What positive effect does aspirin have on a heart attack victim?
shortness of breath
pressure or tightness in the chest
pain in the chest
radiating arm pain
nausea and vomitting
What are common symptoms of a heart attack?
Check ABCs and being CPR if necessary
What should you do if a responsive heart attack victim suddenly becomes unresponsive?
hands placed around the throat (neck)
What is the universal sign for choking?
If you determine that a victim is choking and is still conscious what procedure will you perform?
1) Place your body behind the victim
2) Wrap your arms around their abdomen
3) Place the fist of one hand between the navel and breastbone with the other hand clasping the fist.
Where should you position your body and your hands when performing the Heimlich Maneuver?
Until they become unconscious
How long will you deliver abdominal thrusts to a conscious choking victim?
Finger sweep (only if you see an object in the mouth/throat)
After assisting the unconscious choking victim to the floor and calling 911 what step your then be taken?
Don't touch them!
What is a good rule of thumb when dealing with a person that has been electrocuted and is in contact with a live wire?
Turn power off (when applicable)
The first step to take when helping an electric shock victim is to _____________.
Freezing of tissue fluids causes ____________.
Overstretching of a muscle can result in a ___________.
A sterile covering placed over a wound is called a ________________.
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