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Brand and Generic Drugs
Terms in this set (64)
acetaminophen / Tylenol
pain reliever and fever reducer
alprazolam / Xanax
benzodiazepine sedative that causes dose-related depression of the central nervous system
amitriptyline / Elavil
antidepressant, helpful in treating fibromyalgia and symptoms related to chronic pain
amoxicillin / Polymox
an antibiotic of the penicillin type
atenolol / Tenormin
blocks the action of a portion of the involuntary nervous system that stimulates the pace of the heartbeat
atorvastatin / Lipitor
lowers cholesterol by blocking enzyme HMGCoA reductase
bupropion / Zyban
unrelated to other antidepressants, inhibits neurotransmitter reuptake
celecoxib / Celebrex
NSAID that is used to treat genetic disease familiar adenomatous polyposis (FAP)
cephalexin / Keflex
semisynthetic cephalosporin antibiotic
ciprofloxacin / Cipro
antibiotic that stops multiplication of bacteria
citalopram / Celexa
works by preventing the uptake of one neurotransmitter, serotonin, by nerve cells after it has been released
doxycycline / Vibramycin
synthetic broad-spectrum antibiotic
fluoxetine / Prozac
class of antidepressant used in treatment of depression and obsessive-compulsive disorders
gabapentin / Neurontin
anticonvulsant used to treat epilepsy and shingles
hydrocodone / Vicodin
narcotic pain reliever and cough suppressant
hydroxyzine / Vistaril
antihistamine with anticholinergic (drying) and sedative properties
ibuprofen / Advil
traditional NSAID, treats fever, pain, and inflammation
levothyroxine sodium / Levothroid
synthetic version of the principal thyroid hormone thyroxine (T4)
lorazepam / Ativan
antianxiety medication in the benzodiazepine family
methotrexate / Trexall
antimetabolite capable of blocking the metabolism of cells
metoprolol / Toprol XL
helpful in treating angina
naproxen / Aleve
NSAID useful in treating menstrual cramps
paroxetine / Paxil
treats obsessive compulsive disorder, SSRIs
phentermine / Fastin
prednisone / Medrol
an oral synthetic corticosteroid
sertraline / Zoloft
used to treat psychological illnesses
simvastatin / Zocor
retards progression and may even reverse coronary heart disease
tetracycline / Achromycin
broad spectrum antibiotic
tramadol / Ultram
pain reliever (analgesic)
trazodone / Desyrel
antidepressant, major neurotransmitters are acetylcholine, norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin
alendronate / Fosamax
used to prevent and treat certain types of bone loss (osteoporosis) in adults
allopurinol / Zyloprim
used to treat gout and certain types of kidney stones
albuterol / ProAir HFA
used to prevent and treat wheezing and shortness of breath caused by breathing problems (asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
amlodipine / Norvasc
used with or without other medications to treat high blood pressure
aripiprazole / Abilify
used to treat certain mental/mood disorders. Antipsychotic drug (atypical type)
azithromycin / Zithromax
used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections. It is a macrolide-type antibiotic
benazepril / Lotensin
An ACE inhibitor that works by relaxing blood vessels so that blood can flow more easily
budesonide + formoterol / Symbicort
used to control and prevent symptoms (wheezing and shortness of breath) caused by asthma or ongoing lung disease
buprenorphine + naloxone / Suboxone
A special narcotic drug that reverses the effects of other narcotic medicines
carisoprodol / Soma
used short-term to treat muscle pain and discomfort. It is usually used along with rest, physical therapy, and other treatments.
carvedilol / Coreg
used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure. It is also used after a heart attack to improve the chance of survival if your heart is not pumping well.
clonazepam / Klonopin
used to prevent and control seizures. This medication is known as an anticonvulsant or anti-epileptic drug.
clonidine / Catapres
Used alone or with other medications to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). Belongs to a class of drugs (central alpha agonists) that act in the brain to lower blood pressure.
clopidogrel / Plavix
Used to prevent heart attacks and strokes in persons with heart disease (recent heart attack), recent stroke, or blood circulation disease (peripheral vascular disease).
codeine + APAP / Tylenol #2
This combination medication is used to help relieve mild to moderate pain. It contains an opioid pain reliever and a non-opioid pain reliever.
cyclobenzaprine / Flexeril
Used short-term to treat muscle spasms. It is usually used along with rest and physical therapy. It works by helping to relax the muscles.
dexlansoprazole / Dexilant
Used to treat certain stomach and esophagus problems (such as acid reflux). It works by decreasing the amount of acid your stomach makes.
diazepam / Valium
Used to treat anxiety, alcohol withdrawal, and seizures. It is also used to relieve muscle spasms and to provide sedation before medical procedures.
digoxin / Lanoxin
Used to treat heart failure, usually along with other medications. It is also used to treat certain types of irregular heartbeat (such as chronic atrial fibrillation).
diltiazem / Cardizem
Used to prevent chest pain (angina). It may help to increase your ability to exercise and decrease how often you may get angina attacks.
duloxetine / Cymbalta
Used to treat depression and anxiety. In addition, is used to help relieve nerve pain (peripheral neuropathy) in people its diabetes or ongoing pain due to medical conditions such as arthritis, chronic back pain, or fibromyalgia (a condition that causes widespread pain).
enalapril / Vasotec
Used to treat high blood pressure...is also used to treat heart failure and to help prevent people with a certain heart problem (left ventricular dysfunction) from developing heart failure.
escitalopram / Lexapro
Used to treat depression and anxiety. It works by helping to restore the balance of a certain natural substance (serotonin) in the brain.
esomeprazole / Nexium
Used to treat certain stomach and esophagus problems (such as acid reflex, ulcers). It works by decreasing the amount of acid your stomach makes.
estrogen / Premarin
This medication is a female hormone. It is used by women to help reduce symptoms of menopause (such as hot flashes, vaginal dryness).
ezetimibe / Zetia
Used along with a low cholesterol/low fat diet and exercise to help lower cholesterol in the blood.
famotidine / Pepcid
Used to treat ulcers of the stomach and intestines and to prevent intestinal ulcers from coming back after they have healed.
fluconazole / Diflucan
Used to prevent and treat a variety of fungal and yeast infections. It belongs to a class of drugs called azole antifungals.
fluticasone / Flonase
Used to relieve seasonal and year-round allergic and non-allergic nasal symptoms, such as stuffy/runny nose, itching, and sneezing.
fluticasone + salmeterol / Advair
This product is used to control and prevent symptoms (wheezing and shortness of breath) caused by asthma. It contains 2 medications. This medication belongs to a class of drugs known as corticosteroids.
folic acid / Folvite
The man-made form of folate. Folate is a B-vitamin naturally found in some foods.
furosemide / Lasix
Used to reduce extra fluid in the body (edema) caused by conditions such as heart failure, liver disease, and kidney disease.
glyburide / Diabeta
Used with a proper diet and exercise program to control high blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes.
hydrochlorothiazide / HCTZ
Belongs to a class of drugs known as diuretics/"water pills." It works by causing you to make more urine.
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