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Life Science Chapter 10
Structure and Function of Plants
Terms in this set (24)
multicellular eukaryotes that photosynthesize, contain cell walls, have complex organ systems
the scientific study of plants
The point of attachment of a leaf on a stem.
Root system made up of one large root and many small, thin roots
fibrous root system
A root system made up of many roots that are about the same size
Rigid stems made of wood and bark
Softer, more flexible, and often green plant stems
transport sugar and water in a leaf
Transport vessels in plants that carry water and minerals from the soil to the leaves
Transport vessels in plants that carry sugars from the photosynthetic leaves to the rest of the plant by active transport
A strand of vascular tissues (both xylem and phloem) in a plant stem.
strong, narrow cells that help support the plant
the outermost covering of many plant parts that protect the plant from water loss
Microscopic pores in the leaf which lets CO2 in and O2 out. Also where water is lost.
Pairs of cells that surround stomata and control their opening and closing.
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant
the layer of cells in a leaf where most photosynthesis occurs
Closely packed cells under the epidermis of leaves
loosely packed layer of photosynthetic cells
Chemical messengers produced by an organism to control certain body functions
A growth response of a plant toward or away from a stimulus
A growth response to light
A growth response to touch
A growth response to gravity
flowering plant response to differences in the length of day and night