1. In shock, the systolic pressure drops faster than the diastolic and the pulse and respirations increase, causing a narrowed pulse pressure. In increased intracranial pressure, the systolic pressure rises, and the diastolic pressure either stays the same or decreases, causing a widened pulse pressure. A panic attack would cause the blood pressure, pulse, and respirations to increase. Autonomic hyperreflexia occurs in persons who have spinal cord injuries at T6 and higher and is characterized
by hypertension, headache, blurred vision, and nausea. That is very unlikely in this client.
The nurse is caring for a client who is in ketoacidosis. Which blood gas values are most consistent with the diagnosis?
1. pH = 7.32, pCO2 = 60, HCO3 = 30, pO2 = 60
2. pH = 7.32, pCO = 32, HCO = 14, pO = 92
3. pH = 7.50, pCO2 = 28, HCO3 = 24, pO2 = 90
4. pH = 7.52, pCO2 = 50, HCO3 = 34, pO2 = 88
An adult is being discharged on a low-sodium, low-fat diet. Which menu, if selected by the client, indicates an understanding of the diet?
1. Hamburger with fries, apple pie, milkshake
2. Tossed salad with vinaigrette dressing, baked
skinless chicken, applesauce
3. Steak, corn on the cob, fruit salad
4. Fried shrimp, coleslaw, strawberry shortcake
7th EditionJulie S Snyder, Mariann M Harding
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