History Test 12 & 13
Terms in this set (43)
What is the Industrial Revolution?
A period of rapid growth in the use of machines in manufacturing and production.
What are textiles?
Who was Richard Arkwright?
An inventor who patented a large spinning machine, called the water frame, that ran on water power and created dozens of cotton threads at once.
Who was Samuel Slater?
A skilled British mechanic who could build the new textile machines.
What is technology?
The tools used to produce items or to do work.
Who was Eli Whitney?
An inventor with an idea for mass-producing guns.
What are interchangeable parts?
Pieces that are exactly the same
What is mass production?
The efficient production of large numbers of identical goods.
What does efficient mean?
Productive and not wasteful
What is the Rhode Island System?
Samuel Slater's strategy of hiring families and dividing factory work into simple tasks.
Who was Francis Cabot Lowell?
A New England businessman who built a loom that could both weave thread and spin cloth in the same mill.
What are trade unions?
Groups of skilled workers that tried to improve members pay and working conditions.
What are strikes?
Union workers' refusal to work until their employees met their demands.
Who was Sarah G. Badgley?
A mill worker who founded the Lowell Female Labor Reform Association.
What does concrete mean?
What is the Transportation Revolution?
A period of rapid growth in the speed and convenience of travel.
Who was Robert Fulton?
An American who had the first full-time commercial steamboat in the United States.
What is the Clermont?
A steamboat that could travel up the Hudson river with no trouble
What was Gibbons v Ogden?
The first U.S. Supreme Court ruling on commerce between states.
Who was Peter Cooper?
An American who built the Tom Thumb, a small steam train with great power and speed
Who was Samuel F. B. Morse?
The inventor of the telegraph
What was the telegraph?
A device that could send information over wires across great distances
What is Morse Code?
A system in which dots and dashes are used to stand for each letter of the alphabet
Who is John Deere?
A blacksmith who first used the steel plow
Who was Cyprus McCormick?
The developer of a new harvesting machine called a mechanical reaper.
Who was Issac Singer?
An inventor who made improvements in the design of the sewing machine and marketed it
Who was Alfred Lewis Vail?
He developed Morse Code.
Who was Elias Howe?
He was the inventor of the sewing machine
What is the cotton gin?
A machine that separates cotton from its seeds.
What are planters?
Large-scale farmers who owned more than 20 slaves
What is the cotton belt?
Nickname for the region that grew most of the country's cotton crop
What are factors?
Crop brokers who arranged transportation of goods aboard trading ships
What is Tredegar Iron Works?
In it's day, the only large southern factory that made iron products
What does primary mean?
Main, most important
Who is Joseph R. Anderson?
The man who created the Tredegar Iron Works factory.
Who were yeomen?
Owners of small farms. They owned few slaves and often worked side by side with their slaves
Why was religion important to white southerners?
It was central to southern social life, and helped them justify their position in society and the institution of slavery
What is a folktale?
Stories with a moral
What are spirituals?
Songs that combine African and European music and religious beliefs
Who was Nat Turner?
A slave in Virginia who led a revolt in 1831, and 60 whites were killed.
What is Nat Turner's rebellion?
a revolt in 1831, and 60 whites were killed
What does aspect mean?
what was one way slaveholders attempted to keep slaves under control?
one way slaveholders attempted to keep slaves under control is by using slave codes.