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16 terms

Genetics

STUDY
PLAY
Genetics
the study of how genes are passed from one generation to another
Heredity
passing of genes from generation to generation
Cross pollination
produce seeds using the sperm (pollen) and egg of different plants
Trait
specific characteristic that an individual has
Dominant
an individual ha dominant trait and will exchange this trait
Recessive
a recessive trait will only be present when the dominant is not
Segregation
alleles will separate from each other during the formation of gametes
Punnet Squares
used to show possible gene combination that will result from genetic cross
Homozygous
are individuals that have 2 identical alleles
Heterozygous
are individuals that have 2 different alleles
Phenotype
an organism's physical characteristics
Genotype
an organism's genetic characteristics
Independent Assortment
gene of different traits will separate from each other during gamete formation
Incomplete dominance
one allele is not dominant over another alleles blending of the parent allele
Codominance
both allele contribute to the phenotype
Multiple alleles
multiple alleles that represent a trait/allele