Social Studies Unit 4

General Lord Cornwallis
took control of British Army in the South
John Adams
America's first Vice-President and second President. Sponsor of the American Revolution in Massachusetts, and wrote the Massachusetts guarantee that freedom of press "ought not to be restrained."
George Washington
Virginian, patriot, general, and president. Lived at Mount Vernon. Led the Revolutionary Army in the fight for independence. First President of the United States.
Sam Adams
American Revolutionary leader and patriot
German soldiers who fought for the British
Thomas Jefferson
wrote the declaration of independence
Molly Pitcher/Mary Hays
brought water to soldiers and loaded a cannon at Mammouth NJ
Marquis de Lafayette
a French nobleman
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence
people who love their country/someone who wants freedom
people from other countries who fight for money
Continental Army
name given to colonial army
Declaration of Independence
document that stated the colonies wanted independence
John Paul Jones
was also known as the father of the American Navy
changing high prices for goods
Treaty of Paris 1783
ended the American Revolution
to run away
Treaty of Alliance
an agreement to work together
the action that prevents the passage of people or supplies
battle map
uses symbols to show how a battle was fought
Saratoga NY
battle which served as the "turning point" of the war; American victory convinced France to aid the colonies in the war
Valley Forge PA
Site in southeastern Pennsylvania where George Washington and the Continental Army camped during the winter of 1775 to 1778.
Yorktown VA
Cornwali's army was captured here by the French
George Rogers Clark
Leader of a small Patriot force that captured British-controlled Fort Vincennes in the Ohio Valley in 1779., secured the Northwest Territory for America
Friedrich von Steuben
Military officer from Germany who trained American soldiers during the American Revolution.
Ben Franklin
An inventor, statesman, diplomat, and signer of the Declaration of Independence.
Deborah Sampson
Patriot who disguised herself as a man and served in the Continental Army.
Delaware River Crossing
Second Continental Congress
They organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the comittee to draft the Declaration of Independence
Treaty of Paris
agreement signed by British and American leaders that stated the United States of America was a free and independent contry
Thomas Paine
Revolutionary leader who wrote the pamphlet Common Sense (1776) arguing for American independence from Britain. In England he published The Rights of Man
an increase in the overall level of prices in the economy
Bonhomme Richard
the ship of John Paul Jones. Named "good man richard" after Ben Franklin. He won a giant sea battle in the English channel in 1779
British ship surrendered to the Americans led by John Paul Jones after a difficult battle
Declaration of Independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
Yorktown VA
Cornwali's army was captured here by the French