President/Bureaucracy/Campaigns/Elections/Media/Public Opinion/Kitchen Sink
Terms in this set (32)
Federalist 70 (Hamilton)
Argument for a single executive; One person executive ensures unity and accountability; energetic person; need to place blame on ONE person is easier than the blame game a group might cause
Federalist 51 (Madison)
"Ambition must be made to counteract ambition." But what is government itself but the greatest of all reflections on human nature." If men were angels.... checks and balances. Give the constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachment of the others. People are the primary check.
Citizens United v. FEC (2010)
A 2010 decision by the United States Supreme Court holding that independent expenditures are free speech protected by the 1st Amendment and so cannot be limited by federal law. Leads to creation of SuperPACs & massive rise in amount of third party electioneering (Citizens for a Better Tomorrow, etc.)
A group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
Third parties/Minor parties
electoral contenders other than the two major parties. American third parties are not unusual, but they rarely win elections.
review by legislative committees of the policies and programs of the executive branch
A close relationship between an agency, a congressional committee, and an interest group
The role of the president as head of the executive branch of the government.
the president's executive role as the head of federal agencies and the person responsible for the implementation of national policy
term for the president as architect of public policy and the one who sets the agenda for Congress
The role of the president in recognizing foreign governments, making treaties, and effecting executive agreements.
Commander in Chief
The role of the president as supreme commander of the military forces of the United States and of the state National Guard units when they are called into federal service
The President is the head of their political party.
Chief of State
term for the President as the ceremonial head of the United States, the symbol of all the people of the nation
1. House passes articles of impeachment by majority
2. Senate tries and 2/3 must convict
the ability to use the office of the presidency to promote a particular program and/or to influence Congress to accept legislative proposals
Civil Service Act of 1883
created a merit system for government workers.
the claim that the media is more interested in covering a campaign like a horserace focusing more on who is ahead rather than in-depth coverage of issues.
Journalism that attempts to hold government officials and institutions accountable for their actions.
Political Action Committee (PAC)
A committee set up by a corporation, labor union, or interest group that raises and spends campaign money from voluntary donations
campaign contributions donated directly to candidates
funds obtained by political parties that are spent on party activities, such as get-out-the-vote drives, but not on behalf of a specific candidate
Open Primary Election
Primary election at which voters are free to choose which party they wish to select the candidate for.
closed primary election
voting in a party's primary is limited to members of that party
Candidate Centered Campaigns
Election campaigns and other political processes in which candidates, not political parties, have most of the initiative and influence.
Election campaigns and other political processes in which political parties, not individual candidates, hold most of the initiative and influence.
a polling technique in which the questions are designed to shape the respondent's opinion
margin of error
a measure of the accuracy of a public opinion poll
public opinion surveys used by major media pollsters to predict electoral winners with speed and precision
the process by which people gain their political attitudes and opinions
The media can influence what subjects become national political issues and for how long.
Plurality Electoral System
electoral process in which the candidate who polls more votes than any other candidate is elected