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The 1950's Short Answer Questions
Terms in this set (15)
How did teenagers change consumer culture of the post-war era? Provide specific examples to support your response
Teenagers changed consumer culture because they spent millions of dollars just on conforming to what was "cool". They would buy the new clothes, make up, electronics, etc. They were silent persuaders in causing their parents to make large purchases. They spent more than $1.5 billion of year on entertainment and the dollar value of annual record sales tripled in 5 years. Businesses would make things specifically for the teens and advertising agencies would create ads that focused on the typical teen image.
Who were the Beats? What ideas did the Beats express?
The Beats were a group of writers who challenged cultural conformity. They were led by Jack Kerouac (coined the term "beat") and Allen Ginsberg. They distrusted the American virtues of progress, power and material gain. They identified with black music and culture. They freely expressed open sexuality, drug use and the outcasts of the American Society
What were the ideas expressed by the culture critics of the time?
The expressed anger, feat and plain disgust with the power of mass culture, fearing it would overwhelm traditional standards of beauty, truth and quality
Identify and explain at least three themes of popular TV shows of the time
1) Going against conformity: In I Love Lucy she was going against the roles of men and women by wearing pants all the time
2) Genial Crises: sitcoms mostly all had the same type of plots where children caused mischief that was then resolved by kindly fathers
3) Conformity: the TV shows also demonstrated a lot of conformity when the characters were doing what was popular at the time and being the "typical American Family"
How did television encourage the actions and behaviors of teens and families during the 1950s?
people would see someone on TV with something, like a nice house for example, then suddenly everyone wants that house. It would make people conform to what they saw on TV
What impact did Rock n' Roll have on American Society?
it became popular among the youth population. They used music to help them get through their daily life issues and it caused them to rebel. This music also formed a tighter bond between races.
In what ways did people challenge the traditional, accepted, mainstream culture?
Beats challenged the society and shocked most other Americans with their open sexuality and personality and their use of illegal drugs. Youth listened to rock n' roll music even though the parents thought that it was bad for them
Describe the youth culture of the 1950s
They were known as the silent generation and had little interest in the problems and crises of the larger world. They were becoming their own culture. They were know to rebel against traditional standards and rebel
Describe the typical roles for men and women
*men ran the household and made all the decisions. They found well paying jobs to support their families. They were typically in the public sphere
*women did not have much say in decision making, and stayed home to cook, clean and do other household work. They were supposed to play a supporting role in their husband's lives.
Define conformity and explain how it applied to the mood of the 1950s
conformity: standardized, the same, uniform, what everyone's doing
In the 1950s conformity applied to the mood because it encouraged harmony, compromise and a new prosperity
How did the changing economy impact the culture of the Postwar years?
people were now buying things for luxury and they could afford things like cars and TVs and new houses
How did the American Dream change in the Postwar Era? What did the American Dream "look like," and was it attainable? Explain.
The rapid change in the country after the war was over drastically changed the way that the average American lived life, therefore changing the average American Dream. The new American Dream to many people was considered to be the nuclear family. This was 2 parents and 2 kids living in a nice home in the suburbs where the mother was a homemaker and the father had a white collar job. The family had money to spend on fun leisurely activities.
Evaluate the presidencies of both Truman and Eisenhower. Include evidence to support your claims about each.
*Active federal government
*New Deal failed
*was criticized for the atomic bomb
*was considered the worst president ever
*behind the scenes and hands off
*there were a few economic recessions but he is looked at as the president who fixed the economy
*people felt that they had economic stability with him
Choose 3 economic changes of the postwar era and explain their impacts on society
people had money and wanted to spend it:
this impacted society because of the way that people's daily lives changed. They were able to buy what they wanted, when they wanted it and didn't have to save and conserve money
buying on credit:
credit cards became popular, and now people could buy what they wanted, when they wanted it without having to carry wads of cash around with them. Using credit cards also put many people in the country into debt
the system of franchises flourished in the 1950s and increased the number of small business owners, and had people start using an assembly line in a business perspective
How did African Americans contribute to the culture and mood of the 1950s?
they were known for bringing rock n roll into our culture. They created a new sound of music and caused teens to be more willing to integrate.