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Chapter 22 Vietnam War
Terms in this set (38)
ho chi minh
indo Chinese communist leader
the group goal was to win Vietnam independence
the political theory that if one nation comes under Communist control then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control
dien bien phu
A town of northwest Vietnam near the Laos border. The French military base here fell to Vietminh troops on May 7, 1954, after a 56-day siege, leading to the end of France's involvement in Indochina.
Temporarily divided Vietnam along the 17th parallel
ngo dinh diem
South Vietnamese president that was catholic and strongly opposed communism. His poor leadership and corrupt government spelled doom
A group of Communist guerrillas who, with the help of North Vietnam, fought against the South Vietnamese government in the Vietnam War.
ho chi minh trail
A network of paths used by North Vietnam to transport supplies to the Vietcong in South Vietnam
tonkin gulf resolution
a resolution adopted by Congress in 1964, giving the president broad powers to wage war in Vietnam
Operation Rolling Thunder (1965)
Series of bombing campaign that start in March 1965. Largely trying to cut off the Ho Chi Ming Trail, but it is very very difficult.
Tens of thousands of American troops are being sent to Vietnam. At the peak, there are 536,000 troops in Vietnam.
The US Secretary of Defense during the battles in Vietnam. He was the architech for the Vietnam war and promptly resigned after the US lost badly
The American Secretary of State during the Vietnam War
American General who commanded American military operations in the Vietnam War at its peak from 1964 to 1968
Army of the Republic of Vietnam
Vietnamese forces that were supported by American troops
A jellied gasoline used for bombs
a herbicide used in the Vietnam War to defoliate forest areas
Search and destroy missions
a U.S military raid on a south vietnamese village, intended to root out villagers with ties to the Vietcong but often resulting in the destruction of the village and the displacement of its inhabitants
A public distrust of statements made by the government
A law requiring people of a certain age to serve in the military
Coalition of younger members of the Democratic party and radical student groups. Believed in participatory democracy, free speech, civil rights and racial brotherhood, and opposed the war in Vietnam.
Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)
An organization for social change founded by college students in 1960.
Free Speech Movement
led by Mario Savio it protested on behalf of students rights. It spread to colleges throughought the country discussing unpopular faculty tenure decisions, dress codes, dormitory regulations, and appearances by Johnson administration officials.
Americans who opposed the Vietnam War.
Americans who supported the Vietnam War.
a massive surprise attack by the Vietcong on South Vietnamese towns and cities in early 1968.
a friend and supporter of the presidents vietnam policy
He was a Democrat who ran for president in 1968 promoting civil rights and other equality based ideals. He was ultimately assassinated in 1968, leaving Nixon to take the presidency but instilling hope in many Americans.
1968 Democratic candidate for President who ran to succeed incumbent Lyndon Baines Johnson on an anti-war platform.
A prominent liberal senator from Minnesota dedicated to the promotion of civil rights, he served as Johnson's vice-president from 1964-68 and ran an unsuccessful personal campaign for the presidency in 1968.
Alabama governor best known for his pro-segregation attitudes during the Civil Rights Movement.
Vice President under Eisenhower and 37th President of the United States
Nixon's leading advisor on national security and international affairs
a plan to end americas involvement in the war
A phrase used to describe people, whatever their economic status, who uphold traditional values, especially against the counterculture of the 1960s
My Lai Massacre
1968, in which American troops had brutally massacred innocent women and children in the village of My Lai, also led to more opposition to the war.
Kent State University
Kent State was the location of one of the many college student protests against the Vietnam War. The protest ended with a clash against the police and the death of several students. The incident greatly decreased the support for U.S. involvement in Vietnam and caused even more protest and resentment.
A 7,000-page top-secret United States government report on the history of the internal planning and policy-making process within the government itself concerning the Vietnam War.
War Powers Act
Act that grants emergency executive powers to president to run war effort