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APUSH Period 7 Pt. 1 Test Prep
Terms in this set (65)
________________ is the prevailing idea that you should have a very aggressive foreign policy. This is the idea that we need to ____________ our own fate and _____________ other countries. With this came and American mindset that we need to _______________.
Jingoism, control, dominate, expand
The expansionist storyline begins with the purchase of ________________. The man that oversaw this was ___________ ________________ who had been secretary of state for Lincoln and Johnson.
Alaska, William Seward
Alaska was purchased from _______________ who thought that they were doing us a _____________, and we thought we were helping them out. We purchased it for ______ million dollars. At this time, it was enough money that people __________ it and called Alaska Seward's "___________" or "____________".
Russia, favor, 7.2, criticized, folly, icebox
The benefits of Alaska ______________ the criticism. It gave us _______, was a good position for __________ __________, it had a ______ rush, and it contributed to the ______________ industry. Therefore, the purchase of Alaska by Seward was a strong move for the country _________________.
outweighed, oil, foreign affairs, gold, fishing, financially
William Seward's second strong move as Secretary of State was when he invoked the _________ ___________ after Napoleon had sent French troops to occupy _____________. Seward threatened US ___________ action unless the French ___________ their troops, and they did.
Monroe Doctrine, Mexico, military, withdrew
Another move towards Imperialism was that _______________ started being applied to other societies. Americans began to demand that we ____________ the ___________ _________ as we didn't want to be ______________.
Darwinism, dominate, world market, spectators
With Jingoism, people begin to believe that even ________ is good. What starts to grow is a sense that there are actually Americans ______________ for war. Two reasons Americans were looking for war were: ________________ purposes, ____________ ______________.
war, looking, economic, national pride
Alfred Thayer _______________ wrote "The Influence of _______ ________ on World History" which said that a country goes the way your _________ goes
Mahan, Sea Power, navy
Theodore _____________ thought that the US needed a ___________. He thought it would be good for ___________ and good for the _________. He thought a war would be a source of national pride that the country could be ____________ and heal the US after the _________ __________.
Roosevelt, war, business, soul, unified, civil war
3 Groups that wanted Hawaii:
Military, Missionaries, Businessmen
The Military wanted Hawaii because it could be a good place to reload ____________ for steam on _____________. Missionaries thought that Hawaii needed _______________ and an ____________ _____________. Businessmen wanted Hawaii because you can _______ things in Hawaii that you cannot grow on the mainland such as ________________ (Dole family).
coal, steamships, christianity, american influence, grow, pineapple
In 1892, the American presence in Hawaii led to a ________ (military overthrow) over the _____________ as it was a monarchy at this time. Many people hoped that the United States would take this opportunity to __________ Hawaii, but __________ was against expansion so he did not take the opportunity.
coup, government, annex, Cleveland
Yellow Journalism is ____________ journalism, or "________ _________"
dishonest, Fake News
Yellow Journalism is mainly due to the work of ___________ and ____________. These guys mainly focused on ________ ____________ violations in the _________ empire, specifically in ______________. They chose Cuba because it had revolted against _____________ trying to achieve independence. In retaliation, the Spanish sent ____________ troops to Cuba under General ____________. Wyler was pretty _________ in his efforts and herded people into _____________ camps. "Rumors" were published without verification and people hoped to get the __________________ to act against these and take control of _____________ as expansionist movement against ________.
Pulitzer, Hearst, human rights, spanish, cuba, spain, 100,000, Weyler, brutal, concentration, government, cuba, Spain
At the outbreak of the war in Cuba, the US was not involved. It was just a war for __________ which was Cuba Vs. _________. The US gets pulled in over the _____ __________ ____________ and the U.S.S. _____________.
independence, Spain, De Lome Letter, Maine
The De Lome Letter insults the _____________ administration, the American _______________, and the ____________ tendencies of the _________ ___________. When the letter went public, Americans took it ___________ and thought they needed to get ____________.
McKinley, government, meddling, American people, personally, involved
In 1898, the USS Maine was sent to ________ to babysit American interests as there were a lot of _____________ in Cuba. It was anchored in the _____________ Harbor. It __________ and ______ Americans were killed. People influenced by ___________ Journalism assumed that the explosion was the fault of the _________, but it was actually an _______________.
Cuba, plantations, Santiago, exploded, 260, Yellow, Spanish, accident
The _______________ Amendment said that while we would _______________ in Cuba's war for independence, we would not come to ___________ Cuba.
Teller, participate, control
The Spanish-American war was only about ____ months.
Admiral _________ was in charge of the Pacific Fleet and stationed at the time in ________ __________ near the ____________. When the Spanish-American war was declared, he was very ____________ and knew what was coming as he had received a message from _______________ telling him to prepare his men. Teddy, under his own authority, ______________ the war. On May 8, 1898, Dewey's fleet landed in Manila harbor of the Philippines and this was a ____________ to the Spanish system as they had no idea ______________ were coming their way. The US success here announces their army as a ___________ ___________. At this time the Spanish navy was _________________ so Dewey had no _____________ controlling this harbor. Because of this, _____________ is considered a ________ of the war.
Dewey, Hong Kong, Philippines, prepared, Roosevelt, expands, shock, hostilities, world power, antiquated, trouble, Dewey, hero
The US declares war as _______________ suggests it. Congress agrees to the war if the ________________ Amendment is added.
Teddy Roosevelt is considered a war ____________. He resigned his post as assistant secretary of the navy when war was declared so he could join the _____________. He installed himself as an __________ of the "_________ ________", a cavalry unit of _______________. He wanted to be the __________ to arrive in Cuba, so he _______________ ships.
hero, army, officer, rough riders, volunteers, first, commandeered
At the Battle of ______ ________ Hill, Roosevelt gets tired of __________ so he gives the order to ____________ and takes a ________________ victory over the Spanish. This is supplemented by the ___________ __________ __________ at Cuba which meant that the Spanish were going to have to withdraw from Cuba ______________ to escape death. America was worried that they had gone to war without getting any ______________, so they quickly invaded ________ ____________.
San Juan, waiting, attack, sweeping, Santiago Harbor Victory, quickly, benefits, Puerto Rico
5 territories gained after the Spanish-American war:
Puerto Rico, Guam, Hawaii, Philippines (?), Other small islands
In response to the question about the Philippines, Rudyard ______________, author of the Jungle Book, thought that the Americans were _______________ to _________ the conquered regions. McKinley and Congress decided to _________ in the Philippines.
Kipling, obligated, civilize, stay
The _________ Amendment requires ________ to consult with the US regarding ___________ policy. This means that if there is any trouble in Cuba that threatens our __________ interests, we reserve the right to ____________. This amendment also reserves the right to a ________ base in Cuba.
Platt, Cuba, foreign, economic, intervene, naval
Emiliano _____________ was a _____________ man who had been ___________ the Spanish as he wanted independence, so he was exiled to _______. America brought him out of exile and back to the _________________ to help fight the _____________. While Aguinaldo was fighting with thoughts of having Filipino _______________, the Americans wanted full _______________. After they won, the Americans didn't ___________.
Aguinaldo, Filipino, resisting, China, Philippines, Spanish, independence, autonomy, leave
The American-Philippine War was a ______ year war where Filipino people were fighting for their _____________. Many Filipino people died in ______________ camps and it was very _____________. The United States ended up setting up at _____________ ___________ in the Philippines to help them become modern _________________.
4, independence, concentration, violent, provisional government, democratically
William H. _________ was the governor of the _______________ instituted by the United States. He was not sure he believed in this _____________ step by the US, but ends up taking the job by recommendation of his __________. He wants to involve the __________ people in the _______________.
Taft, Philippines, imperialistic, wife, Filipino, government
An Anti-Imperialistic Movement at this time is led by __________ ____________ ______________ who was against it because he aligned with the ____________ party. This party was about putting more political power back in the hands of the _____________.
William Jennings Bryan, Populist, people
The Populist Party wanted:
1. Power in the hands of the _____________
2. ____________ standard
3. Worked closely with ______
4. Wanted _________ to be able to vote
people, silver, farmers, women
3 Areas of American Investment in the Philippines:
Business, infrastructure, education
American Investment in the Philippines:
Business -- foothold into the _________ ________ market
Infrastructure -- helped to ___________ the Philippines (Manila)
Education -- "____________" pioneers who were able to speak into the lives of the Filipino people -- ______________.
Asian trade, modernize, blackboard, missionaries
The result of investment into the Philippines is:
1. We will be there for ____________
2. We don't deliver full _____________ back to the Philippines until 1945
The ____________ Cases said that conquered territories did not have the same kinds of ____________ as ___________ citizens, but they did have status as a ________________ under the US military
Insular, rights, American, protectorate
After the war, Teddy Roosevelt becomes the governor of _______ __________. McKinley chooses him as his running mate in the _________ election. People want Roosevelt kicked ____________.
New York, 1900, upstairs
McKinley is ____________ at _______ World's Fair by _______ ____________. Leon was an ___________ who was against government and ___________.
assassinated, Buffalo, Leon, Czolgosz
In Roosevelt's speech, he says that he does not intend to ________ trouble, but if trouble comes his way he is __________ for it. He carries a _______ stick than he lets on. He wants to revive the _________ ___________ project. Panama, which was controlled by ______________, did not want to give permission to build the canal. Roosevelt talked them into the _____-______ ________________. During this revolution, a _________ died. Columbia sees ___________ coming and lets go and allows Panama to become _____________.
cause, prepared, bigger, Panama, canal, Columbia, Jack-Ass Revolution, donkey, America, independent
Teddy on the "World Stage" as he negotiated between __________ and ____________ in _____________, New Hampshire. Though the negotiations were _____________, he _________ both sides (Japans deserved __________, Russians wondered _______ they didn't get better). Roosevelt gets a ________ ______ __________ for this.
Japan, Russia, Portsmouth, successful, offended, better, why, Nobel Peace Prize
Concerning Japanese Laborers in _______________, they came in significant numbers in the late 1800s. There were laws against their ____________ in Californian _____________. Conversations were held between ________ and ________________ because they were not US laws. There was talk of ________, but eventually had Gentlemen's Agreement which said that California would stop ____________ is Japan would stock sending _______________.
California, participation, society, Japan, California, war, segregating, workers
The White Fleet (shiny, new navy) is Roosevelt's way of showing the __________ nations that America is to be taken seriously. It tours the _________. Roosevelt says that this tour was the most ____________ thing he accomplished diplomatically as president.
eastern, pacific, important
_______________ drew attention to things that needed to change in society. Jacob ________' photographic essay, 'How the other half lives'
Political progressivism overlaps with the __________________ party. Populists believed in __________ over ___________.
populist, population, corporation
4 Goals of political progressivism:
1. _________________ - people should be able to decide if something becomes ________
2. ___________ - Corrupt politicians can be taken out of office by the public.
3. ____________ appointed Senators
4. _______________ - Keep people from ____________ nominations; they can choose their candidates
Referendum, law, Recall, Directly, Primaries, buying
City Manager System:
- Tried to avoid a _______-___________ deciding who was mayor
People would elect ___________, ________ chief, and __________ chief
People elect ________-__________ and they then hire people for each position
crime-boss, mayor, fire, police, city-council
___________ _____ __________ worked at a state level on the direct primaries idea and controlling ___________ companies (preventing fraud). He also focused on the _____________ that had been manipulating the economy for a long time.
Robert La Follett, insurance, railroads
At a national level, ____________ elected change in politics. While in a __________ strike, he represents a change as he stands with _________ rather than the big _______________. People were afraid that there would be a _________ shortage, so he invites a leader from the _________ and a leader from the _______________ to come negotiate. They hire a __________ party. Wages rose ____% and the people came back to work. This is a _________ ____________ - deal that is fair for the people and the corporations.
Roosevelt, coal, people, corporations, coal, striker, corporation, third, 10, square deal
Protect Consumers, Control corporations, conservation
Roosevelt tried to differentiate between ________ and _________ trusts. Good ones control the industry through ________ prices and __________ products. Bad trusts used predatory business practices __________ prices, and _________ quality. Roosevelt tried to use the __________ ____________ act to bust the bad trusts; didn't break that many, but earned a reputation for breaking them up. He also strengthened the _____________ ___________ Commission (ICC) through the ___________ and __________ acts.
good, bad, fair, quality, unfair, poor, Sherman Antitrust, Interstate Commerce, Elkins, Hepburn
The ____________ act restricted the railroads from giving unfair rebates
The __________ act said that flat rates had to be reasonable and fair
In consumer protection, Food and Drugs had to be ___________________, and meat had to be ______________.
While John Muir and the __________ club were _______________, Roosevelt fell under the __________________. Teddy invested in the ____________ ___________ _____________.
Sierra, preservationists, conservationists, National parks system
Roosevelt decides _________ to run again and chooses ___________ to succeed him.
President Taft did not want to ___________ good relationships with other countries through a ______________ presence, he wanted to use the _________ bill (and loads to other countries) to encourage relationships. This is called ___________ ___________. Roosevelt is ______________.
coerce, military, dollar, dollar diplomacy, offended
The Roosevelt Corollary says that we won't allow ___________ nations to interfere with other latin american nations, but ____ will if it ____________ us.
other, we, benefits
Roosevelt had the Roosevelt Corollary in managing American interest in Latin America and put down boots in ___________ and the ____.____. Taft is uncomfortable with _______________ and calls for heavy ______________ and loans into the places that we went; the threat of loving our ________________ might cause people to keep us.
China, DR, imperialism, investment, investment
Taft did not ____________ between good and bad trusts and busts ____ times the number that Roosevelt did. He also ___________ some employees of the Roosevelt administration including _____________.
differentiate, two, fired, Pinchot
Roosevelt decides to run again after Taft hurts his feelings and runs as a ____________ in the ________-__________ party. This ________ the republican vote and allowed ____________ to win.
progressive, Bull-Moose, split, Wilson
Wilson had been president of _____________ and governor of _________ ____________. He gained a reputation for __________ up society and would not back down to the _________. He was surprisingly _______________.
Princeton, New Jersey, cleaning, mob, successful
Wilson _________ the tariff to increase ____________ competition through the ____________ _________ ________.
lowered, international, underwood tariff act
Wilson passed the _________ ____________ _____________ which broke the national bank into ______ regions to give the government more control over the ____________.
Federal Reserve Act, 12, economy
Wilson attacked trusts through the __________ __________ ____________ which strengthened the UNion's ability to ___________ -- sided with the worker. He also supported the _____ hour work day and fought against ______ ______. He becomes interested in America being a ___________ authority and having influence over ________ events.
Clayton Antitrust Act, strike, 8, child labor, moral, world
Virgin Islands purchased from the ______________. These are not far from the ___________ _______ which strengthened the US presence there and made America look _____________ and desirable. This protected and enhanced ____________ footholds.
Dutch, Panama Canal, inviting, economic
The US was interested in having say over who become political figures in ___________. We landed _______________ troops in Mexico so we could control this. _________ __________ was a rebel gang who often caused trouble in Mexico (some viewed as Robin Hood). He was responsible for ____ American Deaths. Wilson sent _____________ troops to intervene. John "Blackjack" __________________ is an American General sent to find Villa.
Mexico, 100,000, Pancho Villa, 17, 10,000, Pershing
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