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A&P: The Nervous System Test Review
Terms in this set (64)
These cells from a membrane that covers specialized brain parts: _______.
The skeletal muscles are controlled by the _______ nervous system.
The smooth muscles and glands are controlled by the _______ nervous system.
Neurons are composed of a network of fine threads called _______.
The brain and the spinal cord make up the _______ nervous system.
The nerves throughout the body make up the _______ nervous system.
What are the two types of nervous systems?
_______ are cells found between neurons and blood vessels.
Neurons consists of a cell body, axons, and _______, which receive information.
Neurons that have a single process extending from the cell body are classified as _______, if they have two processes; they are classified as _______.
White matter is composed of axons that are sheathed in _______.
The _______ function of the nervous system refers to information being interpreted so that the brain can make decisions.
The junction between two communicating neurons is called the _______.
Acetylcholine, serotonin and endorphins are all forms of _______.
The _______ arc refers to a simple nerve pathway that would be involved with involuntary actions.
_______ cells help destroy bacterial cells and cellular debris.
There are 31 pairs of _______ nerves.
When a threshold is achieved, an event called the _______ potential occurs.
Gaps in the myelin sheath are called Nodes of _______.
These support cells are responsible for secreting the myelin sheaths: _______.
A nerve impulse is received by the dendrites and then travels down the _______.
There are twelve pairs of _______ nerves.
This neurotransmitter stimulates muscles to contract.
These cell shave the same function as oligodendrocytes, but are packed within the myelin's: _______.
The worm-like ridges on the surface of the brain are called _______.
The thin, web-like membrane between the outher and inner layer of meninges is called the _______ matter.
The right side of you brain controls the _______ side of your body.
The _______ enlargement of the spinal cord supplies nerves to the lower limbs, whereas the _______ enlargement supplies nerves to the shoulders and arms.
The innermost layer of meninges that supplies blood vessels to the brain called the _______ matter.
The _______ fissure separates the two hemispheres.
_______ tracts within the spinal cord carry motor impulses to the muscles.
The _______ _______ connects the two hemisphere of the brain.
The _______ is the part of the brain that controls the coordination, balance and equilibrium.
_______ tracts within the spinal cord carrying sensory impulses to the brain.
The outermost of the three meninges is the _____ mater.
The fluid filled cavities within our brains are called _______.
The brain and spinal cord are surrounded (and float within) _______ fluid.
The brains _____ consists of the midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata.
The _______ system controls emotional experiences.
The _______oblongata is responsible for regulation of the body, such as heart rate, body temperature, and blood pressure.
The part of the brain that plays a major role in the memory is _______.
The master gland of the endocrine system dealing with hormones is the _______ gland.
Part of the diencephalon, controls basic functions such as body temperature and hunger: _______.
The _______ nervous system consists of the nerves that branch out from the CNS and connect to other body parts.
The peripheral nervous system is divided into what two parts?
Conscious activities are controlled by the _______ nervous system.
Unconscious activities, such as heart rate, are controlled by the _______ nerves.
There are 8 pairs of _______ nerves.
There are 12 pairs of _______ nerves.
There are 5 pairs of _______ nerves.
There are also 5 _______ nerves and one pair of _______ nerves.
Cranial Nerve I:
Cranial Nerve II:
Cranial Nerve III:
oculomotor (eye movement)
Cranial Nerve IV:
trochlear (eye movement)
Cranial Nerve V:
trigeminal (sensation of forehead, cheek, & chin)
sensory & motor
Cranial Nerve VI:
abducens (lateral eye movement)
Cranial Nerve VII:
sensory & motor
Cranial Nerve VIII:
vestibulocochlear (hearing & balance)
Cranial Nerve IX:
glossopharyngeal (touch & pain)
sensory & motor
Cranial Nerve X:
vagus (sensation of pharynx & larynx)
sensory & motor
Cranial Nerve XI:
accessory (movement of head & shoulders)
Cranial Nerve XII:
hypoglossal (tongue movement)
These cells form a membrane that covers specialized brain parts: _____
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