American Revolution 1563-1783
Terms in this set (45)
French and Indian War
1754-1763. British columnists wanted to take over French land in North America in the Ohio River Valley. British soldiers fought against French soldiers and Native Americans. Native Americans joined against the British because they were afraid the British would take over their land.
Treaty of Paris 1763
Ended the French and Indian War. Also as a result of the war, the British began taxing colonists to Pau for the war and the proclamation lime of 1763 was established to keep colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains.
Commander-in-Cheif of the Continental Army
Boston Patriot who opposed British taxation. He established the committee of correspondence. Leader of the Sons of Liberty.
Author, publisher, inventor and diplomat
main author of the Declaration of Independence
Patriot from Virginia, "Give me Liberty. Or give me death!"
Wrote Common Sense and American Crisis, He urged Americans to support the Patriot cause during the American Revolution
advocated independence; Continental Congress delegate; Declaration of Independence Committee
known for her stance on women's rights in letters to her husband
Educated African American Patriot, made the same midnight ride as Paul Revere warning that the British were coming
Mercy Otis Warren
Patriot writer that supported independence and convinced others to join the cause. First woman historian of the American Revolution, published plays, books and poetry.
African American spy during the American Revolution. Spied on Lord Cornwallis' camp.
Bernardo de Galvez
Spaniard who held off British in New Orleans, but allowed Americans use of the port.
American Hero and Martyr of the Boston Massacre
Polish Jew who spied for Americans and was held as a translator for the Germans by the British
Marquis de Lafayette
French Noble who helped Americans during the Revolutionary War
John Paul Jones
Founder of the U.S. Navy. Led raids on British ships and famous for yelling "I have not yet begun to fight"
King George III
King of England during the American Revolution
refusing to buy goods from a certain country
to cancel an act or law
Writs of Assistance
legal document that allowed officers to search homes and warehouses for goods that might be smuggled
Committee of Correspondence
governments created in each colony before the revolution to organize resistance against the British
military force made up of ordinary citizens
using ships to prevent goods from leaving a harbor
American colonists who where determined to gain independence from the British
American colonists who stayed loyal to Great Britain
the refusal to obey certain laws or governmental demands for the purpose of influencing legislation or government policy, characterized by the employment of such nonviolent techniques as boycotting, picketing, and nonpayment of taxes
rights that cannot or should not be taken away by a government because they are given by God; examples: "Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness".
Proclamation of 1763
Law passed by the Kind of England forbidding the colonists to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains
tax on molasses. One of many events angering the colonists. 1764
1765. Tax on legal documents, newspapers, licenses, diplomas, dice, and playing cards
1765. British soldiers could stay in colonists' homes; angered colonists
1770. First civilians killed by British soldiers
1770. Taxed goods such as glass, paper, lead, silk, and tea; angered colonists
1773. Tax on tea; led to the Boston Tea Party
Boston Tea Party
1774. An act of civil disobedience; colonists dumped British tea into Boston Harbor protesting the Tea Act.
1774. A series of severe laws (cancelled town meetings, closed Boston Harbor) passed to punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party.
First Continental Congress
1774. First organizing of the colonists, representatives from the colonists met to discuss the colonies dissatisfaction with England; Olive Branch Petition- Colonists declare loyalty to King George III, but ask him to cancel the Intolerable Acts
Lexington and Concord 1775
First battles of the Revolution. British planned to arrest American leaders. Paul Revere made the famous ride to warn about the British attack "Shot Heard Round the World"
Declaration of Independence 1776
Document written by Thomas Jefferson, claiming independence from Great Britain based on the philosophies of Locke, Montesquieu, and Blackstone. "When in the course of human events..., government should protect life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."
turning point of the war. Important victory because it influenced foreign nations to support America in its war against England. France used its Navy in the Americans effort for victory.
Winter at Valley Forge 1777
American endurance. Thousands of Washington's troops died during the winter. Troops lacked food and clothing.
last major battle of the war. French ships prevented British supplies to reach Yorktown. British surrender because of lack of supplies. British lost hope of winning war and began negotiating the Treaty of Paris 1783
Treaty of Paris 1783
ended the American Revolution. The 13 colonies became independent from England. The boundaries of the new nation were the Mississippi River to the west, Canada to the North, and Spanish Florida to the south.
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