Vital Scientific Terms (J)
Terms in this set (21)
A unit used to indicate the strength of radio sources in astronomy, equal to 10-26 watts per square meter per hertz.
Yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes caused by accumulation of bile pigment in the blood; can be a symptom of gallstones, liver infection, or anemia.
Either of the upper or lower bones that anchor the teeth and form the structural basis of the mouth in vertebrates, the upper jaw is known as the maxilla and the lower is called the mandible.
Any of several related birds of the crow family that are typically noisy, often brightly colored, and known for their intelligence.
The part of the small intestine between the duodenum and the ileum.
A fungi that grow on trees and have a gelatinous fruiting body.
A female bird.
An engine, as an aircraft engine, that produces forward motion by the rearward exhaust of a jet of fluid or heated air and gases.
A high-speed high-altitude airstream blowing from west to east near the top of the troposphere; the exhaust of a jet or rocket engine.
A fungal infection of the skin in the groin area, occurring most commonly in males, especially in warm climates, characterized by itchy and often scaly lesions.
Any of the parts of the body, for example, the knee, elbow, or skull, where bones are connected. Many of these have supporting ligaments, protective cartilage, and a particular range of movement, while others, for example, those between the bones of the vault of the skull, are immobile.
The larva of certain wasps that infest grains and cause hard swellings near the first joint of the stems.
Desert shrub with edible seeds that yield a waxy oil used in shampoos and other cosmetics.
A spring balance used to determine specific gravity of minerals.
The International System Unit of electrical, mechanical, and thermal energy; a unit of electrical energy equal to the work done when a current of one ampere is passed through a resistance of one ohm for one second; a unit of energy equal to the work done when a force of one newton acts through a distance of one meter.
The law that there is no change of temperature when a gas expands without doing external work and without receiving or rejecting heat.
Any of the four large outer planets, namely, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, or Neptune.
A device consisting of a hand held stick that pivots about one end and transmits its angle in two dimensions to a computer; often used to control games; also the control stick of an airplane, tank, or other vehicle.
Food that gives little nourishment and typically contains high levels of fat, salt, or sugar and numerous food additives. Consumption is associated with obesity, heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, and dental cavities.
A young bird in the stage when it has fledged, or has replaced down of hatching.
A substance that disrupts larval development in insects by mimicking a natural hormone and causing metamorphosis to fail.