Vital Scientific Terms (K)
Terms in this set (28)
A tinted liquid containing zinc oxide, water, and glue, used as a wash for walls and ceilings.
Fine white clay used in making porcelain and ceramics and in medicine as an absorbent, for example, in treatments for diarrhea.
An unstable elementary particle produced as a result of high-energy particle collision.
An area of irregular limestone in which erosion has produced fissures, sinkholes, underground streams, and caverns.
A photograph or diagram of the chromosomes of a cell in sequence.
The fusion of cell nuclei that occurs during fertilization.
The series of active changes that take place in the nucleus of a living cell in the process of division.
The protoplasm of a cell nucleus.
The chromosomes of a cell, usually displayed as a systematized arrangement of chromosome pairs in descending order of size.
The standard temperature scale in scientific work; on the Kelvin scale, absolute zero is zero degrees, ice melts at about 273 degrees, and water boils at about 373 degrees.
A group of fibrous insoluble proteins found in ectodermal cells of animals as in hair, horns, and nails.
An atom stripped of all its valence electrons; a grain or seed enclosed in a husk.
A colorless flammable oil distilled from petroleum and used as a fuel for jet engines, heating, cooking, and lighting.
A family of organic compounds characterized by the carboxyl group.
A depression remaining after the melting of large blocks of ice buried in glacial drift.
A set of keys, usually arranged in tiers, for operating a typewriter, typesetting machine, computer terminal, or the like.
An input device which is part of a standard computer keyboard, consisting of a separate grid of numerical and function keys arranged for efficient data entry; a panel similarly keyed and used in conjunction with a TV set, electronic banking machine, or other electronic device.
Either of a pair of bean-shaped organs in the back part of the abdominal cavity that form and excrete urine, regulate fluid, and electrolyte balance, and act as endocrine glands.
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of a liter of water one degree centigrade at sea level.
A unit of electrical energy.
The degree of temperature at which a substance will catch fire and continue to burn.
A cathode-ray tube with a fluorescent screen on which an image is reproduced by a directed beam of electrons.
The movement of a cell or organism in response to a stimulus such as light.
The energy that a body or system has because of its motion.
A theory of matter which assumes that the molecules of matter are in constant motion.
A nocturnal flightless bird with a long slender beak and no tail.
The joint of the human leg between the thigh and the lower leg, where the femur and the tibia meet, covered in front by the kneecap.
A colorless inert gaseous chemical element found in small quantities naturally in the atmosphere and used in fluorescent lamps and lasers.