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Terms in this set (46)
formal complaint before a grand jury
formal device by which a person can be accused of a serious crime
The authority of a court to hear a case
in civil law, the party who brings a suit or some other legal action against another (the defendant) in court
the power of a gov to take private property for public use
reasonable grounds a resonable suspicion of crime
Writs of Assistance
Blanket search warrant with which British custom officials had invaded private homes to search for smuggled goods.
ex post facto law
law applied to an act committed before its passage
bill of attainder
a law that punishes a person accused of a crime without a trial or a fair hearing in court
writ of habeas corpus
court order that prevents unjust arrest and imprisonments
the governing body of a nation, state, or community.
A written plan of government
writ of certiorari
an order by the court directing a lower court to send up the record in a given case for reveiw
An opinion that agrees with the majority in a Supreme Court ruling but differs on the reasoning.
a court order that forces or limits the performance of some act by a private individual or by a public official
A primary election in which voters may choose in which party to vote as they enter the polling place
a primary election in which voting is limited to already registered party members
list of all registered voters in each precinct
The casting of a ballot in advance by mail in situations where illness, travel, or other circumstances prevent voters from voting in their precinct.
two-year period of time during which Congress meets
an official order or commission to do something.
Parties based on a particular set of beliefs, a comprehensive view of social, economic, and political matters
the smallest unit of election administration
A period of time during which a legislature meets to conduct business
a meeting to deal with some emergency situation
the result of a process in which a lower court asks the court to certify the answer to a specific question
the power of a court to determine the constituonality of a gov action
written statement that spells out the parts legal posistion and cites relevant facts and legal precedents
An organization of people sharing a common interest or goal that seeks to influence the making of public policy
to divide an area into voting districts in a way that favors a political party
a temporary alliance of several groups who come together to form a working majority and so to control a government
a person within a reference group who, because of special skills, knowledge, personality, or other characteristics, exerts social influence on others
the current officeholder
Benefit allowing members of Congress to mail letters and other materials postage-free
The lower federal courts, beneath the Supreme Court
the authority to hear cases for the first time
How similar cases have been decided in the past.
a government's strategy in dealing with other nations
Power of the president to issue executive orders
issues or concerns about other countries around the world
Formal orders issued by the president to direct action by the federal bureaucracy.
issues or concerns in one's own country
the course of action the government takes in response to an issue or problem
a supreme ruler, especially a monarch.
An area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government with control over its internal and foreign affairs.
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