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NCIDQ CH2: Elements of Design
Elements of Design
Terms in this set (47)
The basic shape and configuration of an object or space; generated with lines, volumes and points.
A position with no dimension; perceived when a two-dimensionally perceived object appears relatively small in relation to the plane against which it is seen.
An object or form whose actual or visual length greatly exceeds any actual width or depth it may have; convey strong directional sense; perceived where one plane meets another, where there is change in material, texture, or color.
restful, stable and related to the plane of the earth
strength, equilibrium, permanence and a strong upward movement
dynamic and often represent movement; enliven the space
relate more to the natural world and the human body; graceful and suggest gentle movement
a form with two dominant dimensions, length and width
true three-dimensional aspect of interior design; can be solid or void
a form that has mass and appears to occupy space
space itself; defined by planes or other elements
the unique characteristic of an object or space that defines it as distinct from adjacent objects or spaces
the relative size of something as related to another element of know size
physical property of visible light that is one part of the larger electromagnetic spectrum
colors created with light
colors created with pigments
Primary colors of light
red, green, blue
Primary colors of pigment
red, yellow, blue
3 basic qualities of color
hue, value, and intensity (or chroma)
The arrangement of primary, secondary and tertiary colors in a circle in such a way as to indicate the colors from which they originated and the color required to neutralize each one; used as a tool in formulating.
the basic color
the degree of lightness or darkness of color in relation to white or black
when white is added to a hue; value is raised
when black is added to a hue; value is lowered
adding gray of the same value to a hue; adding a hues complement
the hue of the color opposite it on the color wheel
Brewster color Wheel
Prang Color System
Brewster color system; organizes color pigments into three primary colors of red, blue and yellow
red, yellow, and blue; cannot be mixed from other pigments
orange, green, and violet; made by mixing two primary colors in equal parts
primary color is mixed with an adjacent secondary color on the color wheel
Munsell Color System
A color specification system that includes a color atlas, the Munsell Book of Color, with about 1,600 chips arranged in equal steps of hue, value, and chroma (intensity or saturation) and a notation for each
Monochromatic color scheme
one hue with variations only in intensity and value
Analogous color scheme
hues that are close to each other on the color wheel; will not typically extend more than one 90 degree segment on the color wheel
hues on the opposite sides of the color wheel
Split complementary scheme
a color on one side of the color wheel is used with two hues that lie on either side of the complementary color
Double complementary scheme
four hues are used; a pair on either side of two complements
Triad color scheme
uses three colors equally spaced around the color wheel
Tetrad color scheme
uses four colors that are equally spaced around the color wheel
the surface quality of a material or object
the physical quality that can be sensed by touch
What people imagine a surface to be simply by looking at it and based on a memory of similar textures.
the repetition of a decorative motif on a surface; can be two-dimensional or liner
6 Elements of Design
The relationship of parts of a composition to each other and to the whole.
A color placed against a darker background will appear lighter.
A color placed against a lighter background will appear darker.
5 Color Schemes
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