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CSD final Chapter 8
Terms in this set (41)
Acquired Language Disorder
cognitive communication disorders
Right hemisphere brain damage
tramatic brain injury
language is processed in what hemisphere
nonlingustic and paralinguistic info is processed in hemisphere
a language disorder that is acquired sometimes after an individual has developed language competence.
when blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain either bursts, ruptures or its blocked by a clot. As a result, the brain cannot get the blood and oxygen it needs and pieces of the brain die.
listening, speaking, reading, writing, naming
spontaneous speech flow with adequate phrase length
lesions are posterior portions of
Types of Fluent aphasia
Wernicke's, Transcortical Sensory, Conduction, Anomic
types of nonfluent aphasia
Broca's, Transcortical Motor, Global
slow, labored speech and struggle to retrieve words and form sentences
characterized by rapid fire strings of sentences with little pause for acknowledgement or turn taking
-jumbled, incoherent or incomprehensible but fluent
-poor auditory comprehension
characterized by short sentences with agrammatism
-slow labored speech and writing
-articultion and phonological errors
-good auditory comprehension
predictors of long-term recovery
initial aphasia severity
size of lesion
site of lesion
are problems with communication that have an underlying cause in a cognitive deficit rather than a primary language or speech deficit.
cognitive-communication disorders impair functions like
attention, memory, perception, language, organizing, problem solving.
aphasia happens on what side of the brain
left side of the brain
right hemisphere brain damage common difficulties
attention, percepecition, memory, social communication, reasoning and problem solving.
traumatic brain injury
Disruption in normal functioning caused by a blow or jolt to the head or penetrating injury
open head injury, fracture skull and penetrate brain
-closed head injury, skull may be intact or fracture, but without penetration to the brain
tramatic brain injury
edema, hypoxia, infaraction, hematoma
swelling of the brain which leads to increased pressure infection
death of tissue deprived of oxygen supply
effects of TBI
motor speech deficits, voice deficits, dysphagia
motor speech deficits
apraxia and dysarthaia
deficits in pitch, stress, rate-monotone
changes in coal quality-harshiness, hoarsness
rebuild neural circuitry and function through repetitive activities
develops alternatives for functions that will not be recovered
umberalla term for a group of pathological conditions and syndromes that result in declining memory and at least one other cognitive ability.
symptoms of dementia
memory loss, confusion, personality changes, depression, trouble eating and swallowing
Some things that cause dementia
multiple small strokes, parkinson's disease, huntingtons disease, alzheimer's disease.
Wernicke's Area-speech comprehension
Broca's Area-speech production
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