Master deck- Sports Medicine Terminology
Terms in this set (199)
athletes use their body to deter or punish their opponents (intent of the sport)
sports where players are separated such that contact is unlikely without Violation. Acute, traumatic injuries still occur, but the incidence of chronic, overuse related injury is greater.
Assumption of Risk
it is assumed that an individual who participates in an activity and is injured as a result of the ordinary risk associated at the activity will no have grounds for negligence
failure to warn
Failing to inform a participant of potential risks and dangers.
legal responsibility for harm one causes to another person
touching someone without their permission
Standard of Care
Provides reasonable and prudent care expected as compared to someone with similar education and experience.
scope of practice
Describes the procedures, actions, and processes that a healthcare practitioner is permitted to undertake in keeping with the terms of their professional license.
failure to use ordinary or reasonable care
4 parts of negligence
Duty of care
Breach of duty
Injury or damage (cause)
Proximal cause (harm)
Duty of care
an individual has the responsibility to provide care- part of their job to provide care
Breach of duty
failure to meet the standard of care
Injury or damage
the client suffered some type of loss, damage, or injury
a legal concept of causation that asks whether the injury or other event would have occurred if the negligent act had not occurred
fails to perform legal duty
commits an act that is not legally his or hers to preform
Good Samaritan Law
A law that exempts from legal liability a person who attempts to give reasonable aid to another person who is injured, ill, or otherwise imperiled.
statute of limitations
a law that sets a limit -- almost always expressed in years -- on the amount of time you have to file a lawsuit after you have suffered some type of loss or injury.
A patient learns about and understands the purpose, benefits, and potential risks of a medical or surgical intervention
Negligence happens when the medical practitioner fails to provide the care which is expected in each case thus resulting in injury or death of the patient.
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
Law that protects private health information and established electronic health records.
knowledge of right and wrong
Title IX/Gender Equity
An addition to the 14th Amendment in 1972. No person shall be excluded on the basis of gender or be denied the benefit of any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Federal legislation that opens up services, facilities, and opportunities to people with disabilities.
education required to maintain a certification or licensure or both.
performance enhancing drugs
substances used for the express purpose to preform better athletically
a common tool used to try to deter the use of performance enhancing drugs
medical documentation method (Subjective, Objective, Assessment, Plan)
Emergency Action Plan
a plan developed by an athletic trainer (usually) to be able to provide for the care of athletes (EAP)
Supervise the rehabilitation programs/process for injured athletes
Individual who achieves both certification as an athletic trainer and as well as a physical therapist.
physical therapy assistant
A health care specialist who works with physical therapists to assist in developing treatment plans for the rehabilitation of injury.
assess and plan for the client to regain ADLs, esp motor skills of the upper extremities; direct care of occupational therapy assistants
monitor and assess cardiovascular and metabolic effects as a result of exercise, along with the replenishment of fluid, and cardiac and musculoskeletal rehabilitation.
sports medicine physician
a doctor with a specialization that can aid the sports medicine team in treating the athlete- makes the return to play decision
trained to assume some of the responsibilities for patient care traditionally done by the physician.
emphasize diagnosis and treatment of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system.
sports massage therapist
Have training and experience in all areas of massage. Skills can be used Pre/Post competition.
advise the athlete on matter related to the psychological aspects of the rehabilitation process. guides them to cope better with the pressures associated with returning to a prior level of performance/pre-injury.
strength and conditioning coaches
advise athletes on training and conditioning programs to increase performance
specialized field dealing with the study and care of the foot
Physical Therapy Aide
Completes tasks in a physical therapy office that are indirectly related to patient care
Occupational Therapy Assistant
helps patients develop and recover to maintain the skills needed for daily living- works under the supervision of an occupational therapist
Occupational Therapy Aide
Fills out/collects insurance forms and other paperwork and are responsible for a range of clerical tasks.
performs surgery to address conditions of the musculoskeletal system requiring surgical intervention.
specialist whom enhances the components of fitness for the general, healthy population
A person who has a degree in nutrition; plans and manages therapeutic diets.
In charge of skills, conditioning, and injury prevention.
Involved in the prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation of injuries to physically active individuals and athletes
Train and condition to prevent injury, Listens to their body to prevent re-injury
Vital information regarding the care and injury status of their athlete.
Nurse Practioner (NP)
are prepared to provide direct client care in primary care settings, focusing on health promotion, illness prevention, early diagnosis, and treatment of common health problems
A person with expertise in analysis of human movement
specialist who develops and assists patients with prostheses
specialist who develops and assists patients with orthotics
provides basic care for medical emergencies, illness, injury- emergency medical technician
An individual who has extensive training in advanced life support, including endotracheal intubation, emergency pharmacology, cardiac monitoring, and other advanced assessment and treatment skills.
A gradual injury that can be recurring and require a long recovery time
occur as a result of extreme stresses and strains placed on bones
occurs when the bone is pressed together (compressed) on itself
broken bone portion is pressed inward
bending and incomplete break of a bone; most often seen in children
fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed
a fracture that runs parallel to the long axis of the bone
have an S shaped separation
occur in a straight line more or less at right angles to the bone shaft
wasting away of tissue or of an organ
A connective tissue that is more flexible than bone and that protects the ends of bones and keeps them from rubbing together.
A crackling feel or sound
Connects bone to bone
tough band of connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone
distal end of the segment bent outward
distal end of the segment bent inward
Lower on the body, farther from the head
closer to the back
toward the midline
away from the midline
farther from the origin of a a limb
closer to the point of origin of a limb
closer to the front of the body
closer the the back of the body
the side of the body opposite to that on which a particular structure or condition occurs
turn the foot inward
turning the foot outward
bending toward the dorsum or rear opposite of plantar flexion
the forepart of the foot is depressed relative to the ankle
decrease the angle between the bones of the limb and the joint
increase the angle between the bones of the limb and the joint
extending beyond anatomical position
a movement of a body part away from the midline
a movement of a body part toward the midline
rotation of the forearm and hand so that the palm is facing down
rotation of the forearm and hand so that the palm faces forward or upward
movement of a body part in the posterior direction
movement in a superior direction
downward movement of structures of the body
turning around an axis in an angular motion
moving a limb such as the arm or hip in a circular motion
rotation away from the center of the body
rotation toward the center of the body
bending movement of the body in the lateral direction
bending the wrist toward the radial side of your bone
bending the wrist to the little finger or ulnar side of the bone
thumb is rotated around it long axis
the action of pulling or tearing away
scraping or wearing away
small bubble on the skin filled with serum and caused by friction burning or other damage
another word for bruise
a deep cut or tear in skin or flesh.
a cut into a body tissue or organ
the sense of touch during a physical exam
surgical procedure to repair a fracture or dislocation to the correct alignment
inflammation of bursa
also called luxations occurs when an abnormal separation in the joint
a localized swelling that is filled with blood
stretching or tearing of the ligaments
Moving a body part forward
Low oxygen saturation of the body, not enough oxygen in the blood
bands of scar tissue joining two surfaces that are normally separated
Heart Rate (HR)
number of heart beats per minute
the pressure that is exerted by the blood against the walls of blood vessels
Blood pressure in the arteries during contraction of the ventricles.
Blood pressure that remains between heart contractions.
number of breaths per minute
The total volume of air that can be exhaled after maximal inhalation.
total lung capacity
the sum of vital capacity and residual volume
goals that are specific, measurable, attainable, realistic, and timely
Bring breaths to a slow rhythmic pace.
Can reduce stress and anxiety.
progressive muscle relaxation
a technique of learning to relax by focusing on relaxing each of the body's muscle groups in turn
descriptive language that appeals to the sense of sight
a physiological state of overtraining which manifests as deteriorated athletic readiness
a state of physical, emotional, and mental exhaustion created by long-term involvement in an emotionally demanding situation and accompanied by lowered performance and motivation
A bone grows or remodels in response to forces or demands placed upon it
First Degree Injury
Grade 1 or Mild
Tissue has been "over-stretched"
Second Degree Injury
Grade 2 or Moderate
Tissue is partially torn
Third Degree Injury
Grade 3 or Severe
Complete rupture of the tissue
vertical division of the body into right and left portions
divides the body into equal right and left sides
frontal (coronal) plane
vertical plane dividing the body or structure into anterior and posterior portions
transverse (horizontal) plane
runs horizontally from right to left, dividing the body into superior and inferior parts
New, usually of rapid onset and of concern, opposite of chronic
continuing for a long time
compression of a part that causes narrowing.
widening, stretching, expanding
swelling outside of the joint
swelling inside the joint
a localized response to an injury or to the destruction of tissues
Looseness of a joint resulting from overstretched ligaments; a condition that can lead to hypermobility and injury.
fluid-filled sac that allows for easy movement of one part of a joint over another
a grating sound or sensation produced by friction between bone and cartilage or the fractured parts of a bone.
Connects bone to bone
Connects muscle to bone
Outward angulation of the distal segment of a bone or joint
Inward angulation of the distal segment of a bone or joint
toward the head
away from the head
toward the front
toward the back
toward the midline
away from the midline
away from the point of attachment
Closer to the point of attachment
near the surface
Away from the body surface; more internal
lying face down
lying face up
both sides of the body
on the opposite side of the body
pertaining to one side
to supply with nerves
Tenderness that is sharply localized at the site of the injury, found by gently palpating along the bone with the tip of one finger.
pain that is felt in a location other than where the pain originates
A bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes.
Identification of an injury or disease
process of cutting into
to examine by touch
a prediction of the course of a disease
procedure that restores a bone to its normal position
A condition in which the circulatory system fails to provide sufficient oxygen to the body's cells
emotional or physical harm or damage
Displacement of a bone from a joint
to break (a bone)
a solid swelling of clotted blood within the tissues.
usually a soft-tissue or ligament injury that separates two bones
injury to a ligament
A condition resulting from damaging a muscle or tendon
The amount of blood ejected from the heart in one contraction.
The volume of blood ejected from the left side of the heart in one minute.
A measure of cardiac activity usually expressed as the number of beats per minute.
Amount of air that moves in and out of the lungs during a normal breath
Vital Capacity (VC)
amount of air exhaled after a maximal inspiration
inspiratory reserve volume
Amount of air that can be forcefully inhaled after a normal tidal volume inhalation
expiratory reserve volume
Amount of air that can be forcefully exhaled after a normal tidal volume exhalation
Amount of air remaining in the lungs after a forced exhalation
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