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Intro to AT - Exam 4 review
Terms in this set (61)
A _______ is a mild form of a traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head
Type of concussion caused by primary/direct impact (ex. getting hit by a baseball bat)
Type of concussion caused by secondary impact (ex. whiplash, brain jostling in skull)
Discoloration of the skin resulting from bleeding underneath, typically caused by bruising.
Type of ecchymosis that is an indication of a head injury that causes bruising around the eyes
Type of ecchymosis that is an indication of a head injury that consists of bruising over mastoid process (appears behind one or both ears)
The result of a test to see if drainage from a head injury contains cerebrospinal fluid (blood in center with outer ring of CSF)
5 signs of concussion
Difficulty concentrating, headache, dizziness, nausea/vomiting, sensitivity to light
How many hours per step for a concussion's return to play protocol?
What do you do if an athlete fractures a tooth?
Place the fractured piece in a plastic bag
What do you do if an athlete experiences luxation/avulsion (when completely knocked out) of a tooth?
Try to reimplant, if it can't be reimplanted: store in "Save A Tooth", milk or saline
_______ is caused by direct force or friction over ear. Also called "Cauliflower Ear"
Tough, white, outer layer of eye
Transparent center portion of eye that covers pupil
Part of eye that yields eye color
Part of eye where images are detected
Conjunctivitis is also called ______.
A blunt trauma to eye or head can cause __________, which causes blurred vision and/or a "curtain" or veil across field of vision
How many true ribs (sternal attachment) are there?
What number are the false ribs (share cartilage attachment from 7th)?
8, 9, & 10
What number are the floating ribs (no sternal connection)?
11 & 12
When the pleural cavity becomes filled with air, lung collapses
Collection of blood in the pleural cavity; from an internal chest wound or ruptured vessel in chest cavity
Hematuria (blood in urine) could mean injury to _______, which requires immediate physician referral
Pain in upper left quadrant and left shoulder; aggravated by movement; sign of a spleen injury
Tender and rigid in LRQ and McBurney's point, nausea, males between 15-25
If appendicitis progresses, a fever of 99 to 101 degrees causes rapid pulse, must immediately transport athlete to ______
Outer layer of skin
Inner layer of skin composed of connective tissue and blood vessels
Deep layer of skin composed of adipose tissue
Bacteria commonly appearing in clumps in the skin or respiratory tract; common cause of skin infections
Bacteria commonly appearing in long chains (most are harmless, but can be cause of scarlet fever)
Strains of staphylococcus bacteria that are resistant to some antibiotics; in individuals that are already sick/have open wounds or burns; redness and swelling at infection site
Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA)
Infection of hair follicle that results in pustule formation
Ringworm of the scalp begins as a small papule that spreads peripherally; appears as small grayish scales resulting in scattered balding
Commonly involves extremities/trunk; Itchy red-brown scaling annular plaque that expands peripherally
Fungal infection of the nail (found commonly in those engaged in water sports or who have chronic athlete's foot); nail becomes thick, brittle and separated from its bed
Symmetric red-brown scaling plaque with snake-like border; mild to moderate itching
Tinea Cruris ("jock itch")
Most common form of superficial fungal infection; webs of toes may become infected by a combination of yeast; extreme itching on soles of feet, between and on top of toes; painful
Type _____ of herpes simplex is found everywhere EXCEPT genitally (causes cutaneous lesions)
Type _____ of herpes simplex is found genitally (causes cutaneous lesions)
Collection of disease fighting cells that neutralizes foreign substances is the role of the _________
_______ against the body leads to damage of body's own tissues.
Illness results when immune system does not neutralize ______________.
Foreign substances (antigens)
Epstein-Barr virus (member of herpes group) that has incubation period of 4-6 weeks; transmitted through saliva; 50% will experience enlarged spleen
Type _____ Diabetes Mellitus results from the body's failure to produce insulin; "Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus" (IDDM) or "juvenile diabetes"
Type ____ Diabetes Mellitus results from insulin resistance; associated with obesity; Non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or "adult-onset diabetes"
What is the SWOT analysis for strategic plan development?
Strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats
Clear, written out statements of basic rules
Describe the process
The OSHA, or ______, are the policies that athletic training clinics should abide by to keep room clean and sanitary
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
HIPAA, or _________ regulates how HCPs share medical information with others
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
FERPA, or ________, protects the privacy of student educational records
Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act
The state of being legally responsible for the harm one causes another person
Assumes that an individual is neither exceptionally skillful nor extraordinarily cautious, BUT IS A PERSON OF REASONABLE AND ORDINARY PRUDENCE.
Standard of Reasonable Care
Neither the government nor any individual who is employed by the government can be held liable for negligence
Provides limited protection against liability to any person who voluntarily chooses to provide first-aid
Good Samaritan Law
Statute of limitations, the specific amount of time that an individual may sue for damages from negligence, averages between ___ and ___ years
1 to 5
Amount owed by the insured on a yearly basis before the insurance company will begin to pay for services.
Insurance policy requiring the policyholder to pay a specified percentage of each medical claim.
Federal health insurance program for the aged and disabled
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