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Brain scans reveal that identical twins' brains have ________ gray matter volume and ________ white matter volume.
Interventions that promote intelligence teach early teens that the brain is like a muscle that strengthens with use. This idea is designed to encourage the teens to view intelligence as
changeable over time
Factor analysis is a statistical procedure that can be used to
identify clusters of closely related test items
The heritability of intelligence refers to
the proportion of variation in intelligence among individuals that is attributable to genetic variation.
Studies suggest that there is a positive correlation between intelligence and the brain's
ability to quickly perceive a simple visual stimulus
Girls are most likely to outperform boys in a
"By demonstrating both intelligence and grit, highly successful people demonstrate the importance of both ability and"
"With increasing age, adopted children's verbal ability scores become ________ positively correlated with their adoptive parents' scores and ________ positively correlated with their biological parent's scores."
"In one massive study of 11,000 twin pairs in four countries, the heritability of general intelligence was found to be greatest during"
"Twenty-five-year-old Alexandra has an intellectual disability and can neither read nor write. However, after hearing lengthy, unfamiliar, and complex musical selections just once, she can reproduce them precisely on the piano. It is likely that Alexandra is"
someone with savant syndrome
Intelligence tests are biased in the sense that
test performance is influence by culturally experienced
Which of the following persons best illustrates Sternberg's concept of practical intelligence?
"Shelley, a newspaper reporter who has established a large network of information sources"
Associations between intelligence and brain size are most notable in specific areas within the
frontal and parietal lobes
Intelligence tests have effectively reduced discrimination in the sense that they have
helped limit reliance on educators' subjectively biased judgments of students' academic potential.
The intelligence test scores of today's better-fed population ________ the scores of the 1930s population.
are higher than
"When Professor McGuire asks her students to answer questions in class, she can quickly tell from their facial expressions whether they are happy to participate. Professor McGuire's perceptual skill best illustrates"
Satoshi Kanazawa claims that people's scores on the general intelligence factor are most highly correlated with their ability to solve ________ problems.
Brain scans indicate that smart people
require less energy to solve problems than the average person.
Sweden and Iceland exhibit little of the gender gap in mathematical abilities found in Turkey and Korea. This best illustrates that mental abilities are
The ability to produce novel and valuable ideas is called
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Which of the following illustrates the serial position effect? a. The only name Kensie remembers from the people she met at the party is Spencer, because she thought he was particularly good looking b. Kimia has trouble remembering information from the book 's first unit when she reviews for semester finals. c. It's easy for Brittney to remember that carbon's atomic number is 6 because her birthday is on December 6. d. Kyle was not able to remember the names of all of his new co-workers after one week on the job, but he could remember them after two weeks. e. Alp is unable to remember the middle of a list of vocabulary words as well as he remembers the first or last words on the list.
Do you think that conforming to a group is always a negative thing to do? Explain.
What is the difference between proactive and retroactive interference? Between maintenance and elaborative rehearsal?
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