Terms in this set (27)
Nickname for the 1920s becasue of the booming economy and fast pace of life during that era
The Great Depression
the economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s
Fascist Dictator of Italy that at first used bullying to gain power.
General who took power to Japan and was the architect of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
emperor of Japan during WWII. His people viewed him as a god but he didn't have as much power as the military
Communist dictator of the Soviet Union
Fascist general whose rebel forces defeated the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War He ruled as dictator of Spain until his death in 1975
Austrian born Dictator of Germany, implement Fascism and caused WWII and Holocoust.
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
Munich Conference (agreement)
1938 conference at which European leaders attempted to appease Hitler by turning over the Sudetenland to him in exchange for promise that Germany would not expand Germany's territory any further.
A policy of making concessions to an aggressor in the hopes of avoiding war. Associated with Neville Chamberlain's policy of making concessions to Adolf Hitler.
A political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and has no tolerance for opposition
A form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
A theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.
Axis Powers (WWII)
Germany, Italy, Japan
England, France, United States, and Soviet Union after their pact with the Nazi Regime was violated.
widespread panic in which great numbers of people try to redeem their paper money
Extremely rapid inflation. This was seen in post- Treaty of Versailles Europe, such as Germany. Countries printed money to pay off bills. This resulted in a massive wave of inflation.
the political party founded in Germany in 1919 and brought to power by Hitler in 1933
A military strategy used during World War II that involved selectively attacking specific enemy-held islands and bypassing others
Fighting that took place on the continent of Europe against Hitler and Mussolini.
The war in the Pacific, most islands were involved, Japan tried to take these islands and sent 65 bombing raids all the way to Australia.
Pearl Harbor Attack
Dec 7 1941; Japanese attack American naval base and airforces in Oahu; US declares war on japan, Italy and Germany declare war on US
information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.
"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland in 1939
Spark of WWII
Hitler invaded Poland on Sept. 1st 1939.
A methodical plan orchestrated by Hitler to ensure German supremacy. It called for the elimination of Jews, non-conformists, homosexuals, non-Aryans, and mentally and physically disabled.