Upgrade to remove ads
AP Human Geography Chapters 9 & 11 Vocabulary
Words and definitions of AP Human Geography chapters 9 and 11 vocabulary.
Terms in this set (33)
A process of improvement in the material conditions of people through diffusion of knowledge and technology.
Alternative to international trade that emphasizes small businesses and worker-owned and democratically run cooperatives and requires employers to pay workers fair wages, permit union organizing, and comply with minimum environmental and safety standards.
Foreign Direct Investment
Investment made by a foreign company in the economy of another country.
Gender Empowerment Measure
Compares the ability of women and men to participate in economic and political decision making.
Gender-Related Development Index
Compares the level of development of women with that of both sexes.
Gross Domestic Product
The value of the total output of goods and services produced in a country in a given time period (normally 1 year.)
Human Development Index
Indicator of level of development for each country, constructed by the United Nations, combining income, literacy, education, and life expectancy.
Less Developed Country
A country that is at a relatively early stage in the process of economic development.
The percentage of a country's people who can read and write.
Millennium Development Goals
Eight international development goals that all members of the United Nations have agreed to achieve by 2015.
More Developed Country
A country that has progressed relatively far along a continuum of development.
The portion of the economy concerned with the direct extraction of materials from Earth's surface, generally through agriculture, although sometimes by mining, fishing, and forestry.
The value of a particular product compared to the amount of labor needed to make it.
The portion of the economy concerned with the manufacturing useful products through processing, transforming, and assembling raw materials.
Structural Adjustment Program
Economic policies imposed on less developed countries by international agencies to create conditions encouraging international trade, such as raising taxes, reducing government spending, controlling inflation, selling publicly owned utilities to private corporations, and charging citizens more for services.
The portion of the economy concerned with transportation, communication, and utilities, sometimes extended to the provision of all goods and services to people in exchange for payment.
A company that conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in many countries, not just where its headquarters or shareholders are located.
The gross value of the [product minus the costs of raw material and energy.
A location where transfer is possible from one mode of transport to another.
An industry in which the final product weighs more or comprises a greater volume than the inputs.
An industry in which the final product weighs less or comprises a less volume than the inputs.
Manufacturing based in homes rather than inn a factory, commonly found prior to the Industrial Revolution.
Form of mass production in which each worker is assigned one specific task to preform repeatedly.
A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods.
An industry for which labor costs comprise a high percentage of total expenses.
Factories built by U.S. companies in Mexico near the U.S. border, to take advantage of much lower labor costs in Mexico.
New International Division of Labor
Transfer of some types of jobs, especially those requiring low-paid, less skilled workers, from more developed countries to less developed countries.
A decision by a corporation to turn over much of the responsibility for production to independent suppliers.
Adoption by companies of flexible work rules, such as the allocation of workers to teams that preform a variety of tasks.
A U.S. state that has passed a law preventing a union and company from negotiating a contract that requires a worker to join a union as a condition of employment.
Location factors related to the costs of factors of production inside the plant, such as land, labor, and capital.
Location factors related to the transportation of materials into and from a factory.
A fabric made by weaving, used in making clothes.
This set is often in folders with...
AP Human Geography Chapters 12 & 13 Vocabulary
AP Human Geography Chapters 10 & 14 Vocabulary
AP Human Georaphy Chapters 4 & 5 & 6 Vocabulary
AP Human Geography Chapter 1 Vocabulary
You might also like...
APHG Unit 6 Vocab Pranav N
AP HUGE Chapter 9 and 11 vocab
AP Human Geography Chapter 9 Vocabulary - Developm…
AP Human Geography Chapter 9
Other sets by this creator
Anatomy Week 15
Anatomy Week 14
Anatomy Week 13
Anatomy Week 12
Other Quizlet sets
FINA 3824 Exam 3
Data for Decision Making
15.5 The Flourishing of European Culture
ISP Exam 2: Chapter 9