Unit 3 Quizzes and Extra Info
Terms in this set (72)
Condition of having gallstones
Inflammation of the gallbladder
Narrowing of the biliary ducts
Defects present at birth
Benign or malignant tumors
Milk calcium bile
Emulsion of biliary stones
The prefix that refers to "of or related to bile"
The prefix that refers to "bag or sac"
Radiographic examination of the gallbladder is called:
Radiographic examination of both the gallbladder and the biliary ducts
Radiographic examination of the biliary ducts
What is the name of the soft tissue structure that separates the right and left lobes of the liver?
What is the name of the hormone that causes the gallbladder to contract?
What is the primary imaging modality used for imaging the gallbladder?
What is the optimal kVp range for radiographic imaging procedures of the biliary system?
percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC)
Which radiographic procedure of the biliary system involves a needle passed through the skin and into the biliary tree to assess patency of the ducts?
What is the name of the needle used in the PTC procedure?
What degree of obliquity is used during an IVU procedure?
During an IVU procedure, the ________________ ______________ increase pressure to ureters to assist in filling and slowing the flow.
What degree of obliquity is appropriate for an oblique projection of the urinary bladder?
A retrograde pyelogram is primarily a non functional study of the:
Which specific positions are recommended for male patients undergoing a urethrogram?
Which position will place the left kidney parallel with the IR?
The CR placement for the _______________ procedure is at L1
Between 15-20 minutes
At what time interval after contrast injection is the renal parenchyma best visualized?
What is the appropriate kVP range for radiography of the urinary system with iodinated contrast?
Position of anatomy, patient prep, and to see kidney stones
What are 3 reasons why a scout image is helpful for an IVP?
Passage of large volumes of urine
acute renal failure
Indicated by presence of uremia, oliguria, or anuria
Absence of a functioning kidney
Constant or frequent involuntary passage of urine
Presence of glucose in the urine
Diminished amount of urine being excereted
Inability to void
Act of voiding
Complete cessation of urinary secretion
Excess in the blood of urea and creatinine
Backward return flow of urine
Presence of gas in urine
The following team members are all considered sterile members EXCEPT:
b. Circulating nurse
c. Certified Surgical Technologist (CST)
d. Scrub nurse
(T or F) Items of doubtful sterility must be considered sterile.
2, 3, and 5
A sterile gown is only sterile in the following areas:
1. From the waist down
2. From the waist up
3. From the elbows down
4. From the elbows up
5. On the anterior walls
6. On the posterior side
Is located between the surgery table and the back table
The ___________ ______________ should be as close as possible to the patient in order to minimize magnification distortion and scatter radiation.
Surgery equipment that is not used on a regular basis should be cleaned how often?
12 inches (30 cm)
The Source to Skin Distance (SSD) for mobile fluoroscopic procedures should NEVER exceed:
Operation of the C-arm in magnification mode will _____________ patient dose
The absence of infection or germs or the elimination of infectious agents describes:
The fluoro timer alarm sounds after ________________ of fluoro time.
(T or F) Ultimately, it is the responsibility of the surgeon to ensure that all persons in the OR are following safety protocols when it comes to radiation safety during a procedure.
At the tube side
When the c-arm is positioned for a lateral projection of the lumbar spine, at what location is the scatter radiation the MOST intense?
The oblique projections in urography call for turning the body how many degrees from the supine position?
What is the normal range for Creatine in a healthy individual?
Which of the following are considered functions of the excretory system?
a. Helps to regulate blood pressure
b. Maintains fluid and electrolyte balances
c. Filters the blood
d. All of the above
The average adult bladder can hold up to:
All of the following are considered intermediate reactions to contrast media EXCEPT:
For an upright post-void image during an IVP, what is the location for the CR placement?
a. Midline, centered 2" above the iliac crests
b. Midline, centered halfway between the ASIS and the public symphysis
c. Midline, centered at the level of the iliac crests
d. Midline, centered 2" below the iliac crests
The highest concentration of contrast media in the kidneys occurs approximately __________________ after injection.
An intravenous pyelogram is considered a __________________ procedure.
Trace a drop of urine through the urinary system:
a. Efferent arteriole, glomerulus, distal convoluted tubule, calyceal system, collecting ducts
b. Afferent arteriole, glomerulus, proximal convoluted tubule, collecting ducts, calyceal system
c. Collecting ducts, efferent arteriole, loope of henle, ureter
d. Glomerulus, distal convoluted tubule, proximal convoluted tubule, collecting ducts
Nearly all life-threatening contrast reactions occur within the first ___________ minutes after injection.
UPJ and UVJ
What are the 2 most common locations for kidney stones to become lodged?
The area of trigone
What is the area in the bladder called between the ureteral orifices and the urethra (that does NOT have rugae)?
Ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus and vagina
Name the parts of the female reproductive system.
Fundus, body, isthmus, cervix
Name the parts of the uterus.
How much urine per day does a kidney excrete per day?
How much movement do the kidneys typically have during respiration?
By what method do the ureters move urine from the kidney to the bladder?
What is the functional unit of the kidney?
What is another name for the glomerular capsule?
Approximately how long are the ureters?
principle involving sterile and nonsterile items and preventing microbiologic contamination.