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U.S. History Chapter 10 Study Guide
Terms in this set (44)
How did the Great Depression eventually change Germany politically?
Germans eventually believed that Hitler would solve their economic problems
Which of the following actions did Japan take in an attempt to recover from the Great Depression?
Japan seized control of resources in other nations
What impact did the appeasement policy of the United States, Britain, and France have on German aggression?
It encouraged more aggression
The Neutrality Act of 1939 allowed nations at war to buy arms and other supplies from the United States as long as those nations
Paid cash and transported the materials themselves
Interventionists claimed that the United States could avoid war if it
Sent aid to Britain
Which of the following was perceived as being equivalent to declaring economic war against the Axis Powers?
The Lend-Lease Act
What goal did President Roosevelt hope to achieve when he enacted the embargo on naval and aviation supplies in 1940?
To stop Japanese expansion
What role did the Office of War Mobilization (OWM) play during the war?
It supervised use of industry resources
Where does the Bataan Peninsula lie in relation to Manila?
About how many total miles did U.S. troops travel on the Bataan Death March?
Italy and Japan were dissatisfied with the peace settlements provided in the Treaty of Versailles because both countries expected more
Territory in exchange for their sacrifices during World War I
Which political party rose to power in Germany during the 1930's?
The Nazi Party
One of the ways that Mussolini maintained his power in Italy was by
Outlawing political parties
The League of Nations did not prevent German and Italian aggression against other nations because it
Had no standing army and no real power to enforce its decrees
Why did the United States initially follow a policy of appeasement toward Germany?
The United States wanted to focus on its own economic troubles
Roosevelt delivered his "Four Freedoms" speech to Congress in January 1941 to
Increase economic support for Britain
How did Roosevelt's response to German aggression toward Britain differ from his response to Japanese aggression toward China?
He condemned both acts of aggression but provided support to Britain
Interventionists believed that providing aid to Britain would
Keep the United States out of war
Who appeared to be winning the war in Europe at the end of 1940?
Germany and Italy
How did support for the Allies change following Roosevelt's reelection in 1940?
Support increased; Congress approved the Lend-Lease Act
The Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor because they wanted to
Destroy ships and planes that threatened their expansion efforts
Which ships survived the attack on Pearl Harbor untouched?
How did the attack on Pearl Harbor change the political divisions between the isolationists and interventionists?
The attack ended the political divisions
After declaring war, the United States government
Transformed peacetime industries into war industries
After the United States declared war, the nation's economic situation
Which of the following statements best applies to Musolini?
Founder of the Fascist Party
How did Adolf Hitler explain the problems facing Germany in his book Mein Kampf?
He blamed the problems on the Jewish people and the great threat they caused Germany
How did America take a step toward war in 1941?
Congress approved the Lend-Lease Act
What event led to the House and Senate voting to declare war?
The attack on Pearl Harbor ended any divisions between isolationists and interventionists
Which of the following statements I'd true regarding actions taken after the attack on Pearl Harbor?
All of the above
Which statement represents the viewpoint of the interventionists?
Axis aggressions were wrong and threatened American interests
How did Japan's rise to power differ from Germany's, Italy's, and the Soviet Union's?
Japan did not have a charismatic leader
How did the Nye Committee influence public opinion in the United States?
It suggested that bankers and arms manufacturers pulled America into World War I
Why was the Battle of Coral Sea a turning point?
It stopped the forward momentum of Japan
Theory of government in which one person or party controls all aspects of life
Dictator who wanted to unite all Germanic people into one state
Document that strengthened the alliance between the United States and Britain
British leader who said that Nazi aggression threatened all democracies
Germany's peaceful union with Austria
Formal alliance between Germany, Italy, and Japan
Army auxiliary corps for women
General who staged a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor
Commander of the United States Army forces in Asia
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