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Terms in this set (79)
Population Geography is
the distribution of humankind across our planet.
The study of individual populations in terms of specific group characteristics is
Which of the following is one of the three major population concentrations mentioned in the chapter?
A world map drawn so that the size of each country is the reflection of its population rather than its size is called
The agricultural crop that produces the highest number of calories per acre is
Population densities tend to be higher
In areas of fertile soil
The difference between population geography and demography is that population geography is
the study of the distribution of humankind across Earth.
The constitution of the United States requires a decennial census to
reapportion seats in the House of Representatives.
Which continent has more than one major population concentration?
The West African country of Togo and the European country of France have approximately the same arithmetic density. From this we can conclude that the two countries have the same
number of people per area of land.
"Arithmetic Density" is determined by
he number of people per unit area.
"Physiological density" is a term applied to human populations that means
the density of population per unit of arable land.
Most of the world's population is concentrated in areas that are designated ________ climates.
Human beings cluster in which of these regions?
The increase in world population is now
The region that is projected to have the highest population increase for 2014 is
The most popular form of birth control in poor countries is
Throughout the world, fertility rates are ________ in urban areas than they are in rural areas.
Of all communicable diseases, the one currently that causes the most deaths worldwide is
Rates of obesity in poor countries have been increasing because
cheap cooking oil has become more widely available, adding fat to the diet.
Country X has a crude birth rate of 42 and a crude death rate of 17, while Country Y has a crude birth rate of 20 and a crude death rate of 5. Which country has a lower natural increase rate?
Of the following four countries, the lowest natural increase rate is found in
The region with the highest growth rate is
In the first stage of the demographic transition, crude birth rate is ________ and crude death rate is ________
predicted a grim view of the future due to overpopulation.
Under natural conditions, the sex ratio at birth is ________ boys born for every 100 girls.
he estimated sex ratio at birth for 2014 is ________ boys born for every 100 girls.
The problems associated with rapidly aging populations are today
primarily restricted to the rich countries of the world.
Aging populations will present tremendous challenges for poor countries because
today the elderly are cared for by their families
The reporting of higher number of males to females in some countries may be due to
some countries not counting all of their women in the census.
In rich countries, such as the United States, higher percentages of national budgets are spent on senior citizen centers than on
Human movements are a result of
push and pull factors
The largest migration field is from
Mexico to the United States.
Brain drain occurs when
highly educated citizens leave a country to move to another country
Replacement migration is used to
admit newcomers with useful skills
Barriers to migration include all EXCEPT
Which of the following types of migration does not take place within a country's border
International labor migration tends to originate in
poor countries with weak economies.
Amenity migration is driven by two types of migrants,
the wealthy and the retired.
One of the laws of migration is
the more distant the destination, the fewer the benefits and the higher the cost
Multicultural policies that have been adopted by some countries are meant to
help preserve immigrants' cultural identities.
Canada proudly calls itself a cultural mosaic due to the diversity of its population, a characteristic also shared by ________, even though it clings to the idea of ________ culture.
the United States, American
Even though many Europeans emigrated during its demographic transition, many European countries now
discourage immigration, even from their former colonies.
Almost all Asian countries today have net emigration, meaning they
send more people out of their country than they receive from other countries.
Of all the world's richest countries, ________ limits immigration most strictly.
Since the birth rate in the United States is low, immigration is currently responsible for about ________ of the country's population growth
In 2000, two-thirds of all foreign-born individuals lived in just six states. Those six states did NOT include ________.
Population geography is defined as the study of humankind across Earth.
Demography is the study of individual populations in terms of specific group characteristics.
In 2014 the population of Earth is estimated to be about 7.2 billion.
The three major concentrations of population in the world are found in East Asia, Europe, and North America.
Most of Earth's population is concentrated in areas of seasonal environments that are not too wet, too hot, too dry, or too cold.
For the geographer, domestication involves taming and training animals, but not the planting and harvesting of crops
Arithmetic density is a measure used to define the number of people per unit of arable land.
People will settle in harsh environments if it is profitable to do so
Population projections are predictions of the future, assuming that current trends remain the same.
In Stage Two of demographic transition, birth rates are high and death rates are declining.
China's plan for decreasing the rate of natural increase included implementation of a one-family/two-child policy.
The Catholic Church adamantly opposes birth control and abortion.
Life expectancies have increased partially as the result of modern medicine.
AIDS is currently the biggest killer worldwide among communicable diseases.
AIDS has been spreading fastest in the rich countries of the world.
AIDS-related illnesses were the leading cause of adult death in several European countries in 2010.
Earth's population is aging.
The total fertility rate is defined as the average number of children a woman in a given society would have over her lifetim
Today most rich countries have rates of natural population increase in excess of 2 percent.
In Stage Two of the demographic transition, the rate of natural increase is low because death rates tend to rise while birth rates remain low.
If current trends continue, Japan would need to increase migration substantially if it wanted to keep its population from shrinking.
Geographers have discovered that pull factors attract people to new destinations, leading to migration.
The major push and pull factors behind contemporary migration are economic and political.
Racism is a belief in the inherent superiority of one race over another.
Wholesale depopulation of indigenous people occurred in the Western Hemisphere when Europeans arrived, primarily as the result of disease and mistreatment
Singapore is an important Chinese city in Malaysia.
Human migration has had little effect on the distribution of the world's population.
Until the late nineteenth century, immigration to the United States was almost totally unrestricted.
In the 1920s, the United States government issued immigration quotas that favored British, Irish, and Germans.
While the Native Americans fell victim to European diseases, including smallpox, influenza, measles, and typhus, Europeans contracted syphilis from the Native Americans.
More than one half of Canada's immigrants come from Asia.
In the United States, the poverty rate for immigrants is higher than for the native born.
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