Ancient China: Development under Zhou & Qin Dynasties
Terms in this set (11)
The earliest recorded dynasty of China that ruled from around 1750 B.C. to 1045 B.C.
Members of the upper class of society; those of noble birth whose wealth, land and power were generally passed down to their children
The longest-lasting of ancient China's dynasties that ruled from around 1046-256 B.C.
Mandate of Heaven
Belief that the Chinese kings' right to rule came from the gods; That the gods would chose a wise, good and honest person to rule
Warring State Period
A period in Chinese history from around 475 to 221 B.C. marked by division and conflict between the decentralized Chinese territories/ states.
Chinese philosopher who lived from 551 to 479 BC.; Many of his teachings impacted the culture & government of Ancient China
Philosophy which includes teachings such as placing needs of family and others first, serving, respecting elders, obeying laws, performing duties and working hard to improve the world
Dao / Daoism
Philosophy that refers to "the path" or "the way"; teaches that people should live simply, in harmony with nature, and free from worldly desires
Qin Shi Huangdi
Ruler of Qin (former name Ying Zheng) who defeated the other states in 221 B.C. ending the Zhou dynasty and became the 1st emperor of the Qin (Chin) dynasty (changed his name); sought to reunify China
Life-sized clay sculptures depicting the armies (soldiers and horses) of Qin Shi Huangdi that filled his tomb for the purpose of protecting him in the afterlife
The Silk Road
The name later given to the caravan trade routes connecting China to the Middle East, India and central Asia in honor of China's most famous export
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