Upgrade to remove ads
SOC 105 Death and Dying- Exam 4
Terms in this set (18)
is the study of death and the process of dying.
Our definitions of "dead" are always changing.
loss of heart and lung activity were traditional standards of death.
- However, brain death has become the standard in the past few decades.
Latin, "Remember that you have to die".
Americans largely fear death and many live in denial, but it
is possible to find peace and comfort in this inevitable fact.
Religion and death anxiety
Religion has a mitigating effect on the fear/anxiety of death, but only for strongly religious people.
- Moderate religious belief is associated with more intense death anxiety.
- Less religious belief and no religious belief have moderate death anxiety.
The Longevity Revolution
Public Health Measures are the main reasons as to why we're living longer are:
- Improved sanitation, Improved nutrition, Vaccines & Antibiotics
the study of the distribution and causes of disease. It aims to solve or control health problems through risk assessment, statistical analysis, surveys, and experiments.
The statistical study of disease.
The Longevity Revolution- life expectancy
Projections for those born in 2012: Men:
Average is 79, median 82, mode is 86.
Women: Average is 83, median 86, mode is 90.
However, "average" life expectancy is a historically misleading measure because the average was skewed lower by common childhood deaths.
Historically, if you made it past age 15, you had a rather good chance of making it to 65.
Most children died before age 3. Today, men have a life expectancy
of 75 and women 80.
Men engage in more risk-taking, often neglect treatable conditions, and work in more dangerous jobs.
The Professionalization of Death
Perhaps the most drastic change in death over the past century has been
the "professionalization" of death care.
Historically, death occurred in the home and the body was
disposed of by the family quickly after.
Traditionally the job of women; unpaid labor.
When the process of embalming was perfected and popularized during the civil war (c.1865), death care became viewed as a "science" and an "art".
And this transferred death care into the domain of men; paid labor.
Ever since, death's presence has been removed from common life. Other factors have contributed to this alienation too, including:
Less childhood/infant deaths.
Regulated (public) cemeteries.
Less people living on farms (where death of livestock is a way of life).
Disposition of the Body
Funeral and burial practices vary by culture as well as overtime.
Funerals have a functional role. They bring people together, provide acceptable spaces for public grieving, as well as affirm social ties and traditions.
As such, funerals are really events for the living.
As of 2016, the majority of Americans plan to be cremated. Why?
Cheaper than burials.
More urbanized population-- burial plots are more scarce in cities.
We have less ties to a physical location-- The changing economy forces us to move around more often.
Arguably more eco-friendly.
Improved technology (incineration chambers, liquification chambers, etc.).
Less religious taboos.
The Catholic church began to permit cremation in the 1960s
It's natural to feel distress after a death and the best way through it is to acknowledge and embrace such feelings.
However, there is a cultural myth that many people become permanently depressed or distraught after the death of a loved one.
The average length of distress is just 6 months. Afterwards, a person usually returns to the normal psychological state.
Despite popular belief, there is no orderly stages of grieving, and the bereaved may experience denial, guilt, anger, depression, and other emotions at different times.
Assisted Suicide / Death with Dignity
We can prolong the lifespan through medical interventions, but this is often accompanied by great pain and suffering.
Quality v quantity.
Instead of lifespan, perhaps we should think in terms of one's healthspan (aka active life span)- the years one can live independently and actively participate in society.
from the ancient Greek meaning simply "good death".
a doctor or family member actively provides the means or carries out the instructions required for an individual to end his or her life.
Legal in Oregon, California, Washington, Vermont, Colorado, Hawaii, New jersey and D.C. (Montana tacitly allows it)
not doing something, such as withdrawing life-support therapy.
You have a "right to die" and can refuse treatment.
Having an advance directive such as a living will is a good idea.
DNR = Do Not Resuscitate
CPR "works" less than 8% of the time. Breaking it down further, when CPR is performed...
3% have good outcomes.
3% return but are in a near-
the other 2% are somewhere in between.
denotes some deliberate intervention to end the patient's life, such as giving a fatal dose of painkilling medication.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
PSYCH 220 Chapter 20 - Death, Dying, and…
Death and Dying
Lifespan Development Chapter 15 #4
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
GPB and GNB diseases
GPC and GNC diseases
G+ and G- cocci (streptococcal pathogens)
G+ and G- cocci
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Professional Protocol - Midterm - Adrienne Washing…
Human Physiology Test #1
Archaeology Chapter 11