Dual Chemistry Chapter 19
Terms in this set (30)
What are the building blocks of proteins?
How many groups are amino acids categorized into?
Only ____ amino acids are common in proteins.
Why are they called "a-amino acids"?
Because the amino group is attached to the "a" carbon
The "a-carbon" is next to the?
Each amino has a _____, a __ letter abbreviation, and a __ letter abbreviation.
Name, 3, 1
Amino Acids are categorized into groups based on the __ group characteristics.
The group that characterizes amino acids can be:
A. Neutral and nonpolar
B. Neutral and polar
C. Basic and acidic
D. All of the above
In how many of the amino acids is the "a-carbon" chiral?
What form are most amino acids in?
What is the origin of the hormone Adrenocorticotropic or (ACTH)?
What is the action of the hormone Prolactin?
A protein is an extremely large natural polymer of amino acids its weight...
Varies from 6000 to several million u.
The protein that that is used by embryos developing in bird eggs?
The milk protein that is a form of storage to nourish plants and animals.
Without what process would small wounds result in life- threatening bleeding?
How many amino acid residues are present in the protein Cytochrome c?
What is an example of the conjugated protein, Nucleoprotein?
Which of the following is NOT an example of the conjugated protein, Hemoproteins?
In what year did chemists Linus Pauling and Robert Corey suggest that proteins could exist in the shape of a ∝-helix?
What is the process by which protein loses its native state?
What holds the subunits together?
All proteins have primary, secondary, and tertiary structure, but not all proteins have...
The interaction of hydrophilic and hydrophobic side chains with water also determines...
Ionic bonds that form between acidic and basic residues are what kind of bridges?
Hydrogen bonding occurs between carbonyl oxygen atoms and what kind of atoms?
What determines secondary and tertiary structures?
Primary protein structure
Simple proteins contain only ..... acid residues
What are fibrous proteins shaped like?
Nerve impulse transmission proteins are receptors of small molecules that pass between gaps separating .....
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