Problems during Reconstruction
Terms in this set (12)
Name given to Southern whites who supported Republican Reconstruction in the South. Scalawag means "scoundrel"
Northerners who moved to the South, often trying to take advantage of the South's difficulties by starting businesses there.
Laws designed to limit the freedoms of newly freed African Americans in the South.
A system of keeping former slaves trapped in a cycle of debt. They farm the land in exchange for seeds and equipment and then give owners a share of the crop.
Ulysses S. Grant
His administration was marked by scandal, corruption, and economic depression.
Ku Klux Klan
White terrorist group that used fear and violence to deny rights to freedmen and wanted Democratic control restored to the South.
Jim Crow Laws
Post-reconstruction segregation laws that provided unequal facilities to whites and blacks.
Wanted to save their southern states from "black Republican" rule and came to power during Grant's presidency.
Southern states required a fee for voting (which many black people could not afford) in attempts to limit their voting.
Required voters to read and explain parts of constitutions and answer difficult questions. Many could not pass these tests.
Because taxes and tests kept some whites from voting, states allowed people to vote if their fathers or grandfathers had voted before Reconstruction.
Rutherford B. Hayes
Held moderate views on Reconstruction and was elected in 1876. Ended Reconstruction by removing federal troops from the South.