DC Chemistry Chapter 16
Terms in this set (40)
What are the repeating units in polyamides that hold them together ?
What is the percentage of nylon fiber in clothing and tire cord?
Polyamides are ___
A neurotransmitter is a substance that as a ______ bridge in nerve impulse transmission between nerve cells
A synthesized from the amino acid tyrosine is
Synthesized from dopamine, may be associated with mental illness
Synthesized from the amino acid tryptophan, may be associated with mental illness
When _______ is in low levels it may cause depression.
______ is used to treat low blood pressure
_____ is synthesized in the adrenal gland
__ are derivatives of ammonia.
Use __ or __prefixes for identical alkyl groups.
di- or tri-
When naming Amines, name the longest chain attached to the __.
When naming Amines, you replace the -e with __.
Primary and secondary amines can form hydrogen bonds between __.
Amine boiling points are __ than those of alcohols.
Low molecular weight amines are __ at room temperature.
Amines can hydrogen bond with __.
All amines behave as __ bases in water.
All amines form __ when they react with acids such as HCl.
All ______ behave as weak bases and form salts when they react with sulfuric, nitric, phosphoric, and carboxylic acids as well.
Amine _____ are more water soluble than the parent amine, which is a useful characteristic for administering amine drugs.
Amine salts can be converted back to amine form by adding a __________.
The form in which amines occur in solutions is __ dependent.
_________________________ have four alkyl groups attached to the nitrogen.
quaternary ammonium salts
Component of certain lipids
Involved in transmission of nerve impulses from one cell to another
Well-known antiseptic compound that kills many pathogenic (disease-causing) bacteria and fungi on contact
Amines react with acid chlorides or acid anhydrides to form ______.
Which do not react to form amides?
Alkaloids are a class of nitrogen-containing organic compounds obtained from plants. True or False
What is an example of an alkaloid
Where is nicotine found
Where is caffeine found
What does Quinine treat?
What does atropine do?
How is opium made?
from dried poppy plants
What is formamide at room temperature
What is opium?
What part of the body does opium affect
the central nervous system
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