PSCI 2305 Exam #5
Terms in this set (58)
Accepting demands in order to avoid conflict.
War fought between opponents with clearly unequal levels of military, economic and technological power, in which warfare strategies tend to be adapted to the needs of the weak.
A system of world order in which the majority of global economic, military and cultural influence is held between two states.
Think: Cold War, Russia vs. United States
C.H.I.P (Children's Health Insurance Program)
A program enacted by Bill Clinton in 1997 that provides health insurance for uninsured children of lower income families that do not qualify for Medicaid.
Choice vs. Chance
Make a decision and choosing a path vs. having opportunities and letting things happen by chance?
no fkin clue on this one dudes..
The lengthy period after World War II when the United States and the USSR were not engaged in actual combat (a "hot war:) but were nonetheless locked in a state of deep-seated hostility.
A doctrine, developed after World War II, based on the assumptions that the Soviet Union was an aggressor nation and that only a determined United States could block Soviet territorial ambitions.
(Stopping the spread of Communism)
The profession, activity, or skill of managing international relations, typically by a country's representatives abroad.
The idea that nuclear war can be discouraged if each side in a conflict has the capacity to destroy the other with nuclear weapons.
Earned Income Tax Credit
Refundable federal income tax credit for low to moderate income working individuals and families, even if they did not earn enough money to be required to file a tax return. Particularly for those with children.
The increasing integration and interdependence of national economies around the world.
A reliance on others, as they rely on you, to provide goods and services to be consumed
Economic policy regarding systems such as the United Nation's World Bank, International Monetary Fund, World Trade Organization, etc.
Programs such as unemployment insurance, disaster relief, or disability payments that provide benefits to all eligible citizens.
Equality of Condition
The idea that everyone should have an equal starting point
Equality of Opportunity
Equality in the eyes of the law.
Equality of Outcome
The idea that each player must end up with the same amount regardless of the fairness of the "game"
A measurement of the value of one nation's currency relative to the currency of other nations and the rate at which they can be exchanged for.
1 U.S. Dollar = 0.89 Euro
Government-issued coupons that recipients exchange for food.
Economic and military aid to other countries by the use of financial or military force respectively.
The movement of goods and services among nations without political or economic barriers.
A program funded by the federal government and designed to prepare children to start school; provides locally run child care to lower-income and disadvantaged children from birth to five years old
IMF (International Monetary Fund)
189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world.
TLDR; They give loans out to poor countries.
The collection, analysis, and exploitation of information in support of law enforcement, national security, military, and foreign policy objectives.
Fun fact: Most U.S. intelligence gathering is actually conducted on American soil.
The view that the country should involve itself deeply in world affairs.
The view that the country should deliberately avoid a large role in world affairs and instead concentrate on domestic concerns.
The sum of all wages paid to employees, as well as the cost of employee benefits and payroll taxes paid by an employer.
Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD)
A doctrine of military strategy in which a full-scale use of nuclear weapons by two opposing sides would effectively result in the destruction of both the attacker and the defender.
In other words: I kill you, you kill me so we don't kill each other
The requirement that applicants for public assistance must demonstrate they are poor in order to be eligible for the assistance.
A federal and state assistance program that pays for health care services for people who cannot afford them.
A federal program of health insurance for persons 65 years of age and older.
A country sends its military to another country and uses warlike tactics to bring change to that country. Used to uphold foreign policy.
Aid given to a country that directly enhances its military capability.
This can be through weapons, vehicles, training, etc.
The situation in which nations act together in response to problems and crises.
NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement)
An agreement among the United States, Canada and Mexico designed to remove tariff barriers between the three countries.
The interests of a state overall (as opposed to particular parties or factions within the state).
NCLB (No Child Left Behind)
Legislation championed by George W. Bush which mandated sanctions against schools that failed to meet federal performance standards; part of his campaign pledge to end "low expectations".
Replaced by the Every Student Succeeds Act in 2015.
Grants for disadvantaged individuals used to cover tuition costs for college courses
As defined by the federal government, the annual cost of a thrifty food budget for an urban family of four, multiplied by three to allow also for the cost of housing, clothes, and other expenses. families below the poverty line are considered poor and are eligible for certain forms of public assistance.
$25,100 for a family of four as of 2018.
$12,140 for one person.
An attack by one country against another because the second country is thought to be preparing to attack the first.
Example: Pearl Harbor
The placing of the immediate interests of domestic producers (through, for example, protective tariffs) above that of free trade between nations.
Social welfare programs are based on the "insurance" concept, requiring that individuals pay into the program in order to be eligible to receive funds from it. An example is social security for retired people.
(FDR) 1935, guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers beginning at age 65; set up federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health.
The reliance on diplomacy and negotiation to solve international problems.
The reliance on economic and military strength to solve international problems.
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)
The largest antipoverty program, which provides recipients with a debit card for food at most grocery stores; commonly incorrectly referred to as "Food Stamps".
Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
A program established in 1972 and controlled by the Social Security Administration that provides federally funded cash assistance to qualifying elderly and disabled poor.
TANF (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families)
Program that provides temporary financial assistance for pregnant women and families with one or more dependent children.
The taxes that a country levies on goods shipped into it from other countries.
English materialist and political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereignty as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness of human beings (1588-1679). Author of Leviathan.
Government sovereignty: A government that operates its own independent nation without interference from foreign powers.
Also advised against the state of nature. The state of nature is similar to not having any government at all.
TPP (Trans-Pacific Partnership)
The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is a trade agreement in February 2016. After the United States withdrew its signature the agreement could not enter into force. The remaining nations negotiated a new trade agreement called Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership, which incorporates most of the provisions of the TPP.
This agreement was going to become the worlds largest free trade agreement, spanning 40% of the global economy.
The amount by which the cost of a country's imports exceeds the value of its exports.
Benefits given by the government directly to individuals. Transfer payments may be either cash transfers, such as Social Security payments and retirement payments to former government employees, or in-kind transfers, such as food stamps and low-interest loans for college education.
A temporary source of income for workers who have lost their jobs through no fault of their own. Paid for by the government.
The situation in which one nation takes action against another state or states.
Government programs that supplement the incomes of the needy.
A specialized agency of the United Nations that makes loans to countries for economic development, trade promotion, and debt consolidation. Its formal name is the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
Aid, in the form of money, goods, or services, that a government provides to those in need
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