Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
END 140 finals
anatomy and physiology based off previous quiz questions
Terms in this set (60)
What part of the brain stem has reflex centers that control such things as sneezing coughing and vomiting?
What is the tiny canal that travels through the midbrain and connects the 3rd to the 4th ventricle?
What is a function of the midbrain?
Vision and hearing
What is the mass of grey matter that extends the entire length of the brainstem?
Name a characteristic of a reflex?
Involuntary, sterotyped, quick
What type of reflex occurs when pulling your hand away from a hot object?
where are the sensory receptors of a reflex arc located?
What is the correct order in which a reflex travels?
sensory receptor, afferent neurons, interneuron, efferent neuron, effector
what is the difference between somatic and autonomic reflexes?
somatic reflexes are voluntary, automatic reflexes are involuntary
What is the "Control center" of the autonomic nervous system?
what is a correct statement about the parasympathetic nervous system?
It increases blood flow to digestive and reproductive systems
what will increase during sympathetic nervous system stimulator?
Heart rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate
What stimulates the patellar reflex?
Stretching of a tendon
If a reflex were sterotyped what would that mean?
It occurs in the same way every time
What part of the brain stem helps to regulate sleep?
what part of the brain performs vasomotion?
what is the pair of ridges on the anterior surface of the medulla oblongata?
What is the smallest part of the brain stem?
Give a correct statements about the brain stem
The brain stem provides pathways for ascending and descending tracts; the brain stem contains grey matter, the brains tem produces programmed autonomic behaviors.
the term central nervous system refers to
Brain and spinal cord
Fibers that carry information from the skin, joints, and skeletal muscles to the CNS are
Which neuroglia forms the myelin sheath in the CNS?
The schwann cell forms a myelin sheath around the
the neuron process that normally receives incoming stimuli is called
collections of nerve cell bodies inside the CNS are called
The major role of the interneuron is
connect motor and sensory neurons in their pathway
neurons with several processes branching off the cell body such as motor neurons and interneurons are structurally classified as
what are the two major functional properties of neurons
irritability and conductivity
impulse conduction is fastest in neurons that are
during the resting state a neuron is
polarized with sodium outside the cell and potassium inside
immediatly after an action potential is popogated which of the following ions rapidly diffuses out of the cell?
An action potential is caused by an influx of these ions into the call
The diffusion of potassium ions out of the neuron causes it to experience
what is the correct sequence of events that correlates to the events of a nerve impulse
a) membrane becomes polarized
b) sodium channels open and sodium diffuses inward
c) the membrane becomes repolarized
d) the potassium channels open and potassium diffuses outward while sodium is actively transported out of the cell
the gap between two communicating neurons is called
The substance that is released at axonal endings to propogate nerve impulses is called
the elevated ridges of tissue on the surface if the cerebral hemisphere is known as_______ while the shallow grooves are termed as__________.
A stroke in the primary motor area causes a patient to lose control over the skeletal muscle on the right side of his body. What lobe of the brain was damaged?
The patient has a brain injury; she knows what she wants to say but can't vocalize the words. The part of her brain that controls the ability to speak is?
Loss of muscle coordination results from damage to what area?
What are some functions of the nervous systems?
monitors change, processes and interprets information, produces an effect or response.
Muscles and glands are
What is the medical term that means maintaining an internal balance of the body?
what are the two divisions of the motor efferent branch of the PNS?
somatic and autonomic nervous system
Which branch of the nervous system is known as the communication illness?
Peripheral nervous system
What conveys sensory information to the CNS?
Which of branch of the nervous system is voluntary?
somatic nervous system
what type of receptors detect deep pressure?
where in the body can bipolar neurons be found?
eyes and ears
what type of neuroglial cell performs phagocytosis?
what is a function of astrocytes?
anchors neurons to nutrient supplies
what lobe of the cerebrum is the primary visual cortex?
what is the large tract that connects the cerebral hemispheres?
what connects the cerebrum with the lower CNS centers?
projection fiber tracts
what part of the cerebrum allows you to percisely start and stop movement?
What part of the brain has the ability to decipher whether or not a sensation is pleasant or unpleasant?
what part of the brain regulates the pituitary gland?
What part of the brain regulates the choroid plexu where CSF is produced?
what are the neural processes that convey incoming messages towards the cell body?
the gaps between schwann cells are called
nodes of ranvier
Sets found in the same folder
Human Physiology (BIO 141) - Chapter 4
Human Physiology (BIO 141) - Chapter 5
Chapter 1 - Introduction
Sets with similar terms
A&P - Nervous System Vocab (Keller SHHS)
AP PSYCH Summer HW Section G (Brain Anat…
A&P Nervous Test 2017-18
Other sets by this creator
Sleep FINALS part 4
Sleep FINALS part 3
Sleep FINALS part 3
Sleep FINALS part 2